Pretoria News - - OPINION -

1880 Transvaal de­clares in­de­pen­dence from Bri­tian. 1969 Soviet Union sends third space­craft into or­bit in as many days, putting seven cos­mo­nauts in space. 1981 Vot­ers in Egypt par­tic­i­pate in a ref­er­en­dum to elect Vice-Pres­i­dent Hosni Mubarak as the new pres­i­dent, one week af­ter the as­sas­si­na­tion of An­war Sadar. 1991 Twenty-one peo­ple are killed in a se­ries of at­tacks in town­ships. 1997 Queen El­iz­a­beth vis­its In­dia to mark the 50th an­niver­sary of the sub­con­ti­nent’s in­de­pen­dence from Bri­tain. 2006 Bangladeshi econ­o­mist Muham­mad Yunus and the Grameen Bank he founded win the No­bel Prize for the pioneering use of tiny loans to lift mil­lions out of poverty. 2010 Miner af­ter miner climbs into a cramped cage deep be­neath the Chilean earth, and are hoisted through 610m of rock – deep­est un­der­ground en­trap­ment in his­tory. 2011 Bil­lion­aire Raj Ra­jaratam, at the cen­tre of hedge fund in­sider-trad­ing in the US, is jailed to 11 years.

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