TODAY IN HISTORY
1880 Transvaal declares independence from Britian. 1969 Soviet Union sends third spacecraft into orbit in as many days, putting seven cosmonauts in space. 1981 Voters in Egypt participate in a referendum to elect Vice-President Hosni Mubarak as the new president, one week after the assassination of Anwar Sadar. 1991 Twenty-one people are killed in a series of attacks in townships. 1997 Queen Elizabeth visits India to mark the 50th anniversary of the subcontinent’s independence from Britain. 2006 Bangladeshi economist Muhammad Yunus and the Grameen Bank he founded win the Nobel Prize for the pioneering use of tiny loans to lift millions out of poverty. 2010 Miner after miner climbs into a cramped cage deep beneath the Chilean earth, and are hoisted through 610m of rock – deepest underground entrapment in history. 2011 Billionaire Raj Rajaratam, at the centre of hedge fund insider-trading in the US, is jailed to 11 years.