This Mandela Month we look at the facts and figures that remind us of Nelson Mandela’s impact on South Africa, and the world
Every year on 18 July, Mandela's birthday and International Mandela Day, South Africans and the global community take action to help change the world for the better.
Mandela became president of a country bankrupted by a decade of economic sanctions.The new government, under his leadership, set about rebuilding the economy while at the same time negotiating a reconciliation settlement. Those negotiations led to the adoption of a new Constitution in 1996.
These numbers remind us of Mandela's impact on us, and the world.
Mandela: the man
From his arrest on 5 August 1963 to his release on 11 February 1989, Nelson Mandela spent 9 687 days in prison. Mandela's presidency from 10 May 1994 to 29 March 1999 was a total of 1 784 days. For every day he was president, he spent 5.4 in prison.
The 67 Minutes campaign for Mandela Day celebrates the 67 years he spent in service to the people, beginning in 1942 when he joined the ANC to 2009 when he retired from public life. Mandela's 1993 Nobel Peace Prize was just one of 695 awards bestowed on him.
The top floor of Chancellor House in Johannesburg housed the law practice of Mandela and OR Tambo for eight years, from 1952 to 1960. It is now a museum, after a R7 million renovation run by the City of Johannesburg. Mandela's statement from the dock at the 1964 Rivonia Treason Trial, which famously concluded with “It is an ideal for which I am prepared to die”, is 10 690 words long and took almost four hours to deliver.
Mandela: the President
Mandela was President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999.
When he took office inflation was 14 per cent. Within 10 years it was brought down to 5 per cent. In 1990 the per capita income of South Africans was US$5 760. By 2000 it had risen to $6 679. In 1994 foreign trade contributed only 42 per cent to GDP. By 2000 it had grown by a tenth, to 52.8 per cent.
In 1994 tax collection was
R114 billion. By 2000 it was R200 billion.
A quarter of South Africa's formal housing comes out of the 1994 Government Housing Programme. More than 10 739 communities in 968 towns and cities across the country benefitted from the programme.
Nelson Mandela Children's Hospital
The R1 billion Nelson Mandela Children's Hospital (NMCH) is one of only five in Africa, a continent with 450 million children.
Once fully operational, the hospital will employ 150 doctors and 450 paediatric nurses. The nurse-to-patient ratio is 1:1. The hospital's six wards have 29 beds each and recliner beds for caregivers to be next to patients.
The ICU has 48 beds.The paediatric and neonatal ICUs both have 30 beds.
The hospital's eight x-ray machines will be able to treat
2 500 patients a year.
The eight major and two minor operating theatres will be able to perform over 5 000 lifesaving operations a year.
The top floor of the hospital has 27 rooms for family accommodation.
The NMCH Trust funded 266 nursing bursaries – with help from the National Skills Fund – and 10 fellowships for hospital staff.