Dag­ga: Per­so­nal use on­ly...?

Suid-Kaap FORUM - - Voorblad - SA­news.gov.za

The cri­mi­na­li­sa­ti­on of ma­ri­ju­a­na in a per­son’s ho­me or pri­va­te dwel­ling in­frin­ged on the rig­ht to pri­va­cy.

NATIONAL The Con­sti­tu­ti­o­nal Court has ru­led that the use and cul­ti­va­ti­on of ma­ri­ju­a­na for per­so­nal use is le­gal. In a land­mark judg­ment de­li­ver­ed on Tu­es­day 18 Sep­tem­ber, the a­pex court de­cla­red secti­on 4(b) and secti­on 5(b) of the Drugs Act and secti­on 22A(9)(a) (i) of the Me­di­ci­nes Act con­sti­tu­ti­o­nal­ly in­va­lid. The ru­ling up­held a de­ci­si­on ma­de by the We­stern Ca­pe High Court which de­cla­red le­gis­la­ti­on cri­mi­na­li­sing the use, pos­ses­si­on, and cul­ti­va­ti­on of can­na­bis un­con­sti­tu­ti­o­nal. “The ef­fect of the judg­ment is two-fold; it de­cri­mi­na­li­ses the use or pos­ses­si­on of can­na­bis by an a­dult in pri­va­te for that a­dult per­son’s per­so­nal con­sump­ti­on in pri­va­te; and it de­cri­mi­na­li­ses the cul­ti­va­ti­on of can­na­bis by an a­dult in a pri­va­te pla­ce for that a­dult’s per­so­nal con­sump­ti­on in pri­va­te,” said De­pu­ty C­hief Jus­ti­ce Ray­mon­do Zon­do. The u­na­ni­mous judg­ment de­li­ver­ed by Jus­ti­ce Zon­do held that the cri­mi­na­li­sa­ti­on of ma­ri­ju­a­na in a per­son’s ho­me or pri­va­te dwel­ling in­frin­ged on the rig­ht to pri­va­cy. Fol­lo­wing the ru­ling, it would be dee­med in­cor­rect to char­ge an a­dult un­der the three secti­ons. The court sus­pen­ded the or­der of in­va­li­di­ty for a pe­ri­od of 24 mont­hs, to gi­ve Par­li­a­ment an op­por­tu­ni­ty to cor­rect the con­sti­tu­ti­o­nal de­fects in the two Acts. The ball is now in Par­li­a­ment’s court to de­ter­mi­ne the a­mount of dag­ga that an a­dult may use, pos­sess or cul­ti­va­te in or­der for it to a­mount to ‘per­so­nal use’. On­ce Par­li­a­ment has cor­rected the de­fects, the court said po­li­ce of­fi­cers as en­for­cers of the law must con­si­der all the ci­r­cum­stan­ces and the quan­ti­ty of can­na­bis found in an a­dult per­son’s pos­ses­si­on in or­der to char­ge them. “If the po­li­ce of­fi­cer, on re­a­so­na­ble grounds, sus­pects that the per­son con­cer­ned is in pos­ses­si­on of that can­na­bis for de­a­ling and not for per­so­nal con­sump­ti­on, the of­fi­cer may ar­rest the per­son, but a court will ul­ti­ma­te­ly de­ci­de w­het­her the per­son was in pos­ses­si­on of can­na­bis with the in­tent to de­al, or for their own per­so­nal con­sump­ti­on,” said Zon­do. -

The Con­sti­tu­ti­o­nal Court has ru­led that the use and cul­ti­va­ti­on of ma­ri­ju­a­na for per­so­nal use is le­gal.

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