ON THIS DAY

Sunday Tribune - - METRO - The terms of the ar­mistice would make it im­pos­si­ble for Ger­many to restart the war, at least in the short-term.

The ar­mistice was signed by rep­re­sen­ta­tives of France, Great Bri­tain and Ger­many. It was an agree­ment to end fight­ing as a pre­lude to peace ne­go­ti­a­tions. The Treaty of Ver­sailles signed six months later would act as the peace treaty be­tween the na­tions.

The ar­mistice be­gan on Novem­ber 11, 1918, at 11am (French time) – the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month. The ar­mistice it­self was agreed six hours ear­lier at 5am, the first term of it be­ing that fight­ing would end at 11am.

The sign­ing took place in Fer­di­nand Foch’s rail­way car­riage in the For­est of Com­piègne, about 60km north of Paris, France. The lo­ca­tion was cho­sen as it was re­mote and dis­creet. Foch was a French mil­i­tary com­man­der who signed the ar­mistice.

In 1940, an­other ar­mistice was signed in the same rail­way car­riage in the same for­est. This time it was Ger­many forc­ing France to sign an agree­ment to end fight­ing against them in World War II, which was es­sen­tially a French sur­ren­der. To add to the de­lib­er­ate hu­mil­i­a­tion, Adolf Hitler sat in the same seat that Foch had sat in in 1918.

THE ar­mistice – an agree­ment to stop fight­ing – brought four years of fight­ing in World War I to an end. Here are five facts about it.

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from South Africa

© PressReader. All rights reserved.