Solid suc­cesses of NDP

The pro­gramme to kick-start the SA econ­omy has had some suc­cesses and, with enough bud­get, will hit its 2030 tar­gets

The New Age (Gauteng) - - SPORT - Anal­y­sis BERNARD SATHEKGE Bernard Sathekge is a se­nior jour­nal­ist on The New Age busi­ness desk

DE­SPITE daunt­ing chal­lenges fac­ing the Na­tional De­vel­op­ment Plan (NDP) and gen­er­ally neg­a­tive perceptions, the pro­gramme to kick-start South Africa’s econ­omy has had some solid suc­cesses.

Min­is­ter in the Pres­i­dency Jeff Radebe, in cel­e­brat­ing five years of the plan this week, shrugged off crit­i­cism, in­sist­ing the NDP will hit its 2030 tar­gets, and out­lin­ing new man­dates on what the na­tional Trea­sury should do to make it hap­pen.

Radebe un­veiled a man­date pa­per to guide bud­get al­lo­ca­tions in line with the NDP.

The NDP’s over­ar­ch­ing ob­jec­tive is to erad­i­cate poverty and re­duce in­equal­ity by 2030 through the cre­ation of jobs and ac­cel­er­at­ing in­clu­sive eco­nomic growth. Pri­or­i­ties for the Trea­sury as out­lined in the bud­get are:

• Small busi­ness

• Youth

• In­fra­struc­ture ex­pan­sion and main­te­nance • Land re­form

• Small­holder farmer and agri­cul­tural de­vel­op­ment

• Com­pre­hen­sive so­cial se­cu­rity

• Ed­u­ca­tion and skills

• An in­te­grated plan to fight crime • Ad­vanc­ing na­tional in­ter­ests in the SADC, Africa, the Brics group and the In­dian Ocean Rim As­so­ci­a­tion.

There are also plans to limit ex­pen­di­ture, which in­cludes state spend­ing, com­bat­ing col­lu­sion, an in­sis­tence on good gov­er­nance and penal­ties for lapses in gov­er­nance by with­hold­ing trans­fers and guar­an­tees.

In 2012, the Cab­i­net adopted the NDP as a long-term vi­sion and road map for the coun­try. It serves as a blue­print for the work that needs to be done to achieve a pros­per­ous so­ci­ety.

The NDP in­cludes all key pol­icy in­stru­ments de­vel­oped in the pre­vi­ous terms of gov­ern­ment. Th­ese in­clude the New Growth Path, which sets the tra­jec­tory of eco­nomic de­vel­op­ment, the Na­tional In­fra­struc­ture Plan, which guides the roll­out of in­fra­struc­ture to im­prove peo­ple’s lives and en­able eco­nomic growth, and the In­dus­trial Pol­icy Ac­tion Plan, which fo­cuses on pro­mot­ing in­vest­ment and com­pet­i­tive­ness in sec­tors and in­dus­tries.

The NDP in­forms the Medium-Term Strate­gic Frame­work (MTSF) pri­or­i­ties, which is the gov­ern­ment’s five­year im­ple­men­ta­tion phase of the plan. It is struc­tured around 14 pri­or­ity out­comes.

That’s all very well, but what has ac­tu­ally been achieved in the five years since the NDP was launched?


Although launched in 2012, of­fi­cial im­ple­men­ta­tion of the NDP started in 2014 so ac­tual im­ple­men­ta­tion has been a three­year jour­ney so far. The lat­est re­ports show that at con­stant 2005 prices, GDP was R1.7 tril­lion then and has risen to R3.1 tril­lion. In nom­i­nal prices it was R467bn in 1994 and in 2016 was R4.6 tril­lion.

An­other achieve­ment is around em­ploy­ment num­bers. In 1996, 9.1 mil­lion peo­ple were work­ing. In 2017, the num­ber is 16.5 mil­lion. The per­cent­age of women rep­re­sented on leg­isla­tive bod­ies has im­proved from 38.4% in 2011 to 41.2% in 2015. The Gen­der In­equal­ity In­dex re­flects gen­der­based in­equal­i­ties in three di­men­sions im­proved by 14.7%.

Strides were also made on ba­sic ser­vices where 724 430 house­holds have been con­nected to the power grid since 2014, 58% of the 2019 tar­get of 1.25 mil­lion.

And 52 778 house­holds were con­nected to non­grid power, re­flect­ing 50% of 2019 tar­get of 105 000 house­holds has been achieved.

More than 1 mil­lion house­holds were given refuse re­moval be­tween 2013 and 2016, against the 2019 tar­get of 1.3 mil­lion house­holds. About 305 00 more house­holds get a re­li­able wa­ter sup­ply since 2014, with

12% of the 2019 tar­get of 2.3 mil­lion achieved. Sus­tain­able hu­man set­tle­ments and im­proved qual­ity of house­hold life has re­sulted in 331 000 hous­ing units be­ing de­liv­ered in 2014­16.

The num­ber of per­sons con­victed for cor­rup­tion has more than dou­bled be­tween 201314 and 2016­17 – from 52 to 110. South Africa is im­prov­ing its rank­ing on the cor­rup­tion per­cep­tion in­dex.

To date, 3 455 schools have con­nected to the in­ter­net and re­ceived de­vices through Op­er­a­tion Phak­isa ICT.

Ac­cord­ing to the NPC, in terms of ba­sic ed­u­ca­tion, the ma­tric pass rate im­proved to 72.5% in 2016, up from 70.7% in 2015. Bach­e­lor passes in­creased to 162 374 in 2016 from 150 752 in 2014.

Life ex­pectancy in­creased by six years and reached 63.3 years in 2015. Ma­ter­nal mor­tal­ity has de­creased from 158 deaths per 100 000 in 2015 to 154/100 000 live births in 2014.

In­sti­tu­tional ma­ter­nal mor­tal­ity ra­tio has de­creased to 138 per 100 000. Child mor­tal­ity rate (un­der five) has im­proved from 41 deaths/1 000 live births in 2014 to 37/1 000 live births in 2016.

More than 3.7 mil­lion peo­ple liv­ing with HIV re­ceive life­long an­tiretro­vi­ral ther­apy.

There are over 17 mil­lion ben­e­fi­cia­ries of the so­cial grant, with 1. 7 mil­lion chil­dren ac­cess­ing reg­is­tered ECD ser­vices.

The Re­new­able In­de­pen­dent Power Pro­ducer Pro­gramme has un­locked R201bn in in­vest­ments with 6 244MW of re­new­able en­ergy pro­cured and 3 175MW al­ready be­ing sup­plied to the grid.

The build pro­grammes at Medupi and

Kusile are near­ing com­ple­tion while the In­gula pump stor­age sta­tion is pro­duc­ing power.

Tourism’s con­tri­bu­tion to GDP has grown from R372bn in 2014 to R375bn in 2015.

The Dig­i­tal Mi­gra­tion Trans­mis­sion In­fra­struc­ture projects is close to 95% com­plete which will en­sure 85% dig­i­tal cov­er­age in the coun­try.

Com­pli­ance of mines to wa­ter use li­cence con­di­tions has reached 56% in 2016 com­pared to 20% in 2014. Fi­nal­i­sa­tion of en­vi­ron­men­tal im­pact as­sess­ments is at 95% while fi­nal­i­sa­tion of wa­ter use li­cences is at 60% and waste li­cence ap­pli­ca­tions at 87%.

Op­er­a­tion Phak­isa is de­signed to fast-track the im­ple­men­ta­tion of so­lu­tions on crit­i­cal de­vel­op­ment is­sues in the oceans econ­omy. About R17bn worth of in­vest­ment and 5 000 jobs have been un­locked in the pro­gramme.

Al­beit slow, there is progress on land re­form. By 1994, 87% (82.4 mil­lion hectares) of land was owned by white com­mer­cial farm­ers, with 13% avail­able for black peo­ple. As at 2016 10.6 % (8.7 mil­lion hectares) of the 30% (24.6 mil­lion hectares) tar­get to dis­trib­ute agri­cul­tural land to pre­vi­ously dis­ad­van­taged in­di­vid­u­als had been achieved.

Var­i­ous chal­lenges con­front the youth, in­clud­ing:

• High un­em­ploy­ment

• Sub­stance abuse

• In­ter­per­sonal vi­o­lence

• HIV­Aids.

The gov­ern­ment has de­vel­oped and im­ple­mented var­i­ous mea­sures to curb the calami­ties ex­pe­ri­enced by the youth such as de­vel­op­ment of the Na­tional Youth Pol­icy 2020.

Youth have also ben­e­fited from the ex­pan­sion of ac­cess to post-school train­ing op­por­tu­ni­ties, pro­vi­sion of NSFAS fund­ing and the com­ple­tion of three more TVET col­leges.

The Em­ploy­ment Tax In­cen­tive Act aimed at help­ing young peo­ple enter the labour mar­ket came into ef­fect in 2014.

This act had led to 270 000 peo­ple be­ing em­ployed, with 29 000 em­ploy­ers claim­ing from the scheme in the 12 months it had been in ef­fect.

The NPC re­it­er­ated that the NDP is not just a plan for gov­ern­ment, but for the whole coun­try. Its im­ple­men­ta­tion re­quires the in­volve­ment of all sec­tors of so­ci­ety. We call on all stake­hold­ers to work to­gether with us in this noble en­deav­our. It’s our fu­ture, so we must make it work.

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