Pupils screened for kid­ney dis­eases

Afro Voice (National Edition) - - NEWS - ELFAS TORERAI elfast@the­newage.co.za

AU­THOR­I­TIES tested and screened Grade 4 to 7 pupils at Nk­ag­isang Pri­mary School, near Jacaranda in Klerks­dorp for kid­ney dis­eases as part of ef­forts to fight life­style dis­eases.

The pro­ce­dures were done by the re­nal unit at Tshe­p­ong/Klerks­dorp Hos­pi­tal.

Early de­tec­tion of kid­ney fail­ure is seen as one key el­e­ment in winning the war against life­style dis­eases.

The trans­plant co­or­di­na­tor at the hos­pi­tal, Fifi Xuk­wane said: “Early de­tec­tion and man­age­ment of kid­ney dis­ease in child­hood is vi­tal as this is one of the pri­or­i­ties of the World Health Or­gan­i­sa­tion to re­duce mor­tal­ity, re­sult­ing from non-com­mu­ni­ca­ble dis­eases and fo­cuses on chang­ing life­styles in­clud­ing ef­fec­tive in­ter­ven­tions of blood pres­sure con­trol, blood sugar and choles­terol con­trol.”

Kid­ney fail­ure, car­dio­vas­cu­lar dis­eases, di­a­betes, can­cer and chronic res­pi­ra­tory dis­or­ders are some of the life­style dis­eases af­flict­ing so­ci­ety at present. “Kid­neys play an im­por­tant role in the body. They con­trol wa­ter lev­els and elim­i­nate wastes help­ing to reg­u­lates blood pres­sure. They also as­sist in pro­duc­tion of red cells, con­trol the lev­els of cal­cium and other min­er­als,” Xuk­wane said.

He said re­nal fail­ure comes about when kid­neys slow down or stop their abil­ity to clean waste from peo­ple’s bod­ies.

“The fail­ure can be acute or chronic. Acute kid­ney fail­ure may be caused by bac­te­rial in­fec­tion, in­jury to kid­neys ei­ther by mo­tor ve­hi­cle ac­ci­dent or a fall from heights, shock due to de­creased blood vol­ume as a re­sult of de­hy­dra­tion and ex­ces­sive bleed­ing, poi­son or drug over­dose.

“Treat­ment of acute kid­ney fail­ure in­cludes timeously cor­rect­ing the above prob­lems that have led to acute kid­ney fail­ure, with, in some cases, tem­po­rary dial­y­sis,” Xuk­wane said.

On the other hand, chronic kid­ney fail­ure, Xuk­wane said, was the de­te­ri­o­ra­tion of kid­ney fail­ure over time in kids and teens.

Pupils pledged to take an ac­tive in­ter­est in their health.

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