The Poultry Bulletin - - FRONT PAGE - By Malesedi Mok­goatl­heng-mamogobo

En­gag­ing govern­ment

The en­gage­ment be­tween the PDMA and govern­ment is work­ing well. The PDMA in col­lab­o­ra­tion DAFF Ve­teri­nary Pub­lic Health (VPH) ran a suc­cess­ful pi­lot study of egg sam­pling, residue and mi­cro­bial test­ing as a first step to­wards the de­vel­op­ment of a na­tional residue and mon­i­tor­ing pro­gramme for eggs. A to­tal of 34 com­mer­cial and 5 small-scale layer farms were in­cluded in this pre­lim­i­nary sam­pling around Gaut­eng.

Fur­ther­more, there is an on­go­ing en­gage­ment be­tween the PDMA and VPH in de­vel­op­ing a na­tional mon­i­tor­ing pro­gramme for test­ing of residues and mi­cro­bial in eggs. The next phase will be to de­ter­mine the ba­sic guide­lines on rou­tine sam­pling of residues and mi­cro­bial agents, and based on the out­come of the re­sults, an ap­pli­ca­tion to the rest of the coun­try will be made. Also, the VPH is con­sid­er­ing the pos­si­bil­ity of in­clu­sion of Na­tional Depart­ment of Health (DOH) to par­tic­i­pate in the en­gage­ments and fa­cil­i­tate the One Health ap­proach. Com­mu­ni­ca­tion has been dis­patched in this re­spect and a re­sponse is awaited from the DOH. The long-term ob­jec­tive of the pro­gramme will be to en­able ex­port of prod­ucts ir­re­spec­tive of the pro­duc­tion size, and en­dorse­ment from DAFF fol­low­ing stan­dard­ised test­ing and mon­i­tor­ing pro­grammes, while ben­e­fit­ing hu­man health at the same time.

We are on track to pro­mote aware­ness on multi-agency col­lab­o­ra­tions, and in­ter­ac­tion be­tween govern­ment, academia and the in­dus­try on the regulation and con­trol of ve­teri­nary an­timi­cro­bial agents and rec­om­mend best prac­tices on the man­age­ment of an­timi­cro­bial use, ste­ward­ship and re­sis­tance.

Train­ing state vet poul­try ex­perts

Ato­tal of 51 state vets have gone through tar­geted in­ser­vice pro­fes­sional train­ing since 2013. Fur­ther­more, 14 to 16 vets have been sched­uled for train­ing in 2016. The 2016 course will run for over a week each in Jan­uary and Fe­bru­ary, with equal num­bers of state vet­eri­nar­i­ans (7 to 8) at­tend­ing for each week. A fol­low-up con­tact ses­sion for 2016 for all state vets who have gone through train­ing is be­ing con­sid­ered and will be im­ple­mented in due course.

De­vel­op­ing a search­able reg­is­tered prod­ucts data­base

The in­for­ma­tion on reg­is­tered prod­ucts is avail­able on the PDMA web­site. There has been a great progress on sub­mis­sion of pack­age in­serts from var­i­ous com­pa­nies since the no­ti­fi­ca­tion sign was up­loaded on the land­ing page of PDMA web­site. How­ever, to date not all com­pa­nies have sub­mit­ted their prod­ucts’ in­serts, but th­ese are be­ing fol­lowed up and th­ese will be added as they come in. The web ad­dress is avail­able and open to the pub­lic at www. poul­try­dis­eases.co.za.

Tech­ni­cal sup­port of smallscale and back­yard farm­ers

The PDMA is work­ing on a pro­posed plan to visit the 9 provinces with state vets who have gone through train­ing and pro­vide much needed tech­ni­cal sup­port. This will be the first step in cre­at­ing an in­ter­face and added-value re­la­tion­ships be­tween the state vets and farm­ers. This pro­gramme will ul­ti­mately achieve the→

goal of bridg­ing the gaps be­tween the two im­por­tant role play­ers, in view of pub­lic health safety con­cerns of chick­ens sold in in­for­mal and sub-for­mal mar­ket. In ad­di­tion, the pro­gramme will aim to im­prove the knowl­edge, at­ti­tudes and per­cep­tions (KAP) on food safety of pro­duc­ers in this sec­tor. An ap­peal will be made to the pro­vin­cial struc­tures to as­sist in iden­ti­fy­ing the small­holder farms that op­er­ate in this sec­tor.

Im­proved com­mu­ni­ca­tion

The PDMA up­dates and in­forms the pub­lic reg­u­larly through the web­site, the Bulletin, post­ings on im­por­tant dates of train­ing, poul­try dis­eases, as well as dis­ease acts and pro­to­cols. In­for­ma­tion on the state vet’s tele­phone con­tacts are also made avail­able, and dis­ease study cases of the last con­tact ses­sion held in Oc­to­ber 2013 and other im­por­tant in­for­ma­tion is posted on the web­site.

NAI sur­veil­lance mon­i­tor­ing pro­gramme

Asem­i­nar on risk anal­y­sis and sur­veil­lance was held in Fe­bru­ary 2015. Pri­vate and state vets were in­vited to dis­cuss the cur­rent sta­tus of dis­ease sur­veil­lance and the risk posed by trans bound­ary an­i­mal dis­eases. It was con­cluded that there is a need for an es­tab­lished and rou­tine sur­veil­lance sys­tem to be in place. The PDMA con­tin­ues its at­tempts to es­tab­lish a sys­tem for poul­try dis­ease re­port­ing di­ag­nosed through­out the coun­try. It should be un­der­stood that an ac­tive and re­li­able poul­try dis­ease sur­veil­lance sys­tem is a pri­or­ity to en­able a bet­ter un­der­stand­ing of the coun­try's dis­ease sit­u­a­tion and to be able to do proper mon­i­tor­ing and con­trol. We have con­tin­ued to ap­proach in­dus­try’s role play­ers to pro­vide us with pre­vi­ous and cur­rent con­fi­den­tial data on di­ag­nosed cases for pur­poses of plan­ning. In the same vein, we are ap­peal­ing to Di­rec­torate of An­i­mal Health (DAH) in DAFF to reg­u­late this ac­tiv­ity and make it com­pul­sory for all in­dus­try play­ers, lab­o­ra­to­ries, farms, abat­toirs and nec­es­sary part­ners to re­port - and im­ple­ment ad­e­quate mea­sures of pun­ish­ment to de­fault­ers. This will get the in­dus­try into com­pul­sory re­port­ing what­ever the sit­u­a­tion is on a case-by­case ba­sis.

De­vel­op­ing test­ing and mon­i­tor­ing pro­grammes for meat

Last year an abat­toir pro­ject was con­ducted at three high through­put abat­toirs with the hope of de­vel­op­ing a test­ing and mon­i­tor­ing pro­gramme. The pro­ject has since stopped with some sug­ges­tions that the re­vised pro­gramme should in­clude the in­clu­sion of low through­put abat­toirs and that cer­tain body por­tions of re­tailed chick­ens such as neck skin should be sam­pled. A mod­i­fied pro­to­col and SOP have been de­vel­oped and as soon as we re­ceive ap­proval, we will con­tinue with the pro­ject. Ap­prox­i­mately, three high and low through­put abat­toirs each will be iden­ti­fied.

Dis­ease up­dates Sal­mo­nella

There has been a con­firmed out­break of Sal­mo­nella Gal­li­narum in pul­lets in the Western Cape Prov­ince. There were also three cases of Sal­mo­nella En­teri­tis­dis con­firmed dur­ing the egg pro­ject. A re­search and sur­veil­lance pro­gramme on Sal­mo­nella is in the pipe­line to track it, be­cause Sal­mo­nella species is con­sid­ered to be fre­quent con­tam­i­nants of chick­ens and have caused sev­eral food­borne out­breaks in hu­mans. Dis­cus­sions are still be­ing held in this re­gard to­wards fi­nal­is­ing the Sal­mo­nella move­ment con­trol pro­to­col with DAH-DAFF. We be­lieved that this pro­to­col will be treated with des­patch and some sense of ur­gency.

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