Re­duc­ing in­fec­tious process

The Poultry Bulletin - - CONTENTS - By Brian Fairchild and Eric Shep­pard

In­fec­tious Process/ In­flam­ma­tory Process, com­monly known as IP, is a form of cel­luli­tis in which in­flam­ma­tion oc­curs be­tween the skin and mus­cle tis­sue. Be­fore IP can be con­trolled, it is im­por­tant to un­der­stand the un­der­ly­ing fac­tors that con­trib­ute to the con­di­tion. One com­mon fac­tor among IP in­ci­dents is in­jury to the skin. The skin is the first line of de­fence against bac­te­rial in­fec­tions.

It is gen­er­ally ac­cepted that most cases of IP are a re­sult of a scratch or other in­jury that pro­duces a skin tear al­low­ing bac­te­rial in­fec­tions to form. While sev­eral or­gan­isms have been found as­so­ci­ated with these le­sions, E. coli are the bac­te­ria most com­monly found. The key to pre­vent­ing this con­di­tion from de­vel­op­ing is to man­age birds in a way that re­duces scratch­ing and to main­tain en­vi­ron­men­tal con­di­tions that min­imise bac­te­rial chal­lenge from the lit­ter. Be­low are some com­mon man­age­ment pro­ce­dures that can be taken to help pre­vent IP.

Keep birds spread evenly through­out the house

There are many rea­sons why it is im­por­tant to keep birds evenly dis­trib­uted through­out the house. Not only does this help dis­trib­ute bird heat, mak­ing it eas­ier to main­tain proper bird tem­per­a­tures, but it also helps main­tain bet­ter lit­ter qual­ity. It is crit­i­cal to use mi­gra­tion fences through­out the year to keep birds evenly dis­trib­uted. When too many birds get in one sec­tion of the house more mois­ture is added to the lit­ter in that area and there is more com­pe­ti­tion for feeder and drinker space that can in­crease the in­ci­dence of scratches.

Birds have sharp claws and thin skin, so when they crawl over each other or get too crowded it is rel­a­tively easy for a scratch to oc­cur. Util­is­ing two wa­ter me­ters to mon­i­tor wa­ter con­sump­tion in the front and back of the house is a way to mon­i­tor bird dis­tri­bu­tion. House en­vi­ron­men­tal con­trollers have the abil­ity to ac­cept mul­ti­ple wa­ter me­ter in­puts mak­ing it easy to mon­i­tor daily wa­ter con­sump­tion.

Avoid feed out­ages

Feed bins should be checked rou­tinely to eval­u­ate the amount of feed avail­able. De­pend­ing on when the feed out­age oc­curs dur­ing the flock growout and how long the birds are off of feed, dif­fer­ences in body weight may never be ob­served. How­ever, birds will crawl over each other in an at­tempt to ac­cess the feed when the feed pans be­gin to re­fill re­sult­ing in el­e­vated in­ci­dence of scratches. This in­creases the like­li­hood that dis­eases such as Gangrene Der­mati­tis and IP will oc­cur in the flock.

Main­tain good lit­ter qual­ity

Ad­e­quate ven­ti­la­tion is needed to con­trol mois­ture in the house. This im­proves lit­ter and air qual­ity. Good lit­ter qual­ity will help keep bac­te­rial pop­u­la­tions in the house in check. If the lit­ter be­comes too wet, it is pos­si­ble that bac­te­rial→

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