Reducing infectious process
Infectious Process/ Inflammatory Process, commonly known as IP, is a form of cellulitis in which inflammation occurs between the skin and muscle tissue. Before IP can be controlled, it is important to understand the underlying factors that contribute to the condition. One common factor among IP incidents is injury to the skin. The skin is the first line of defence against bacterial infections.
It is generally accepted that most cases of IP are a result of a scratch or other injury that produces a skin tear allowing bacterial infections to form. While several organisms have been found associated with these lesions, E. coli are the bacteria most commonly found. The key to preventing this condition from developing is to manage birds in a way that reduces scratching and to maintain environmental conditions that minimise bacterial challenge from the litter. Below are some common management procedures that can be taken to help prevent IP.
Keep birds spread evenly throughout the house
There are many reasons why it is important to keep birds evenly distributed throughout the house. Not only does this help distribute bird heat, making it easier to maintain proper bird temperatures, but it also helps maintain better litter quality. It is critical to use migration fences throughout the year to keep birds evenly distributed. When too many birds get in one section of the house more moisture is added to the litter in that area and there is more competition for feeder and drinker space that can increase the incidence of scratches.
Birds have sharp claws and thin skin, so when they crawl over each other or get too crowded it is relatively easy for a scratch to occur. Utilising two water meters to monitor water consumption in the front and back of the house is a way to monitor bird distribution. House environmental controllers have the ability to accept multiple water meter inputs making it easy to monitor daily water consumption.
Avoid feed outages
Feed bins should be checked routinely to evaluate the amount of feed available. Depending on when the feed outage occurs during the flock growout and how long the birds are off of feed, differences in body weight may never be observed. However, birds will crawl over each other in an attempt to access the feed when the feed pans begin to refill resulting in elevated incidence of scratches. This increases the likelihood that diseases such as Gangrene Dermatitis and IP will occur in the flock.
Maintain good litter quality
Adequate ventilation is needed to control moisture in the house. This improves litter and air quality. Good litter quality will help keep bacterial populations in the house in check. If the litter becomes too wet, it is possible that bacterial→