South African meat imports for December 2016
For December 2016
Please Note: This report is based solely on SARS verified statistics. Annual figures have been corrected as and when SARS issues amended reports.
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1. Annual Poultry Imports
Where the term ‘poultry’ is used, this refers to chicken, turkey, ducks, geese and guinea fowl.
The SA Revenue Service reports that total poultry imports for 2016 amounted to 560 155 t; an increase of 81 708 t, or 17.1%, in comparison with 2015 (478 447 t) (Graph 1). If it had not been for the effect of Ai-related trade bans on December imports, 2016 imports would have been 20% higher than last year.
On an FOB basis, the value of imports for 2016 amounted to R5.48 billion. The FOB value of poultry imports increased by R0.804 billion (17.2%) over the 2015 value (4.68 billion).
In 2016, chicken imports contributed 94.4% to total poultry imports, turkey imports 5.6% and ducks, geese or guinea fowl totalled 0.03%. Total annual imports per poultry type (kg) from 2011 to 2016 are given in Table 1.
2. Monthly Poultry Imports
Monthly poultry imports in volume and value terms
In December 2016, poultry imports decreased dramatically by 32.2% on a monthly basis to 34 533 t; this is 16 423 t less than the previous month. Poultry imports were valued at R313.7 million (FOB); down R238.7 m on November 2016 levels (- 43.2%). Compared to the same month in the previous year, imports decreased by 20.8%, or 9 075 t,
and in, value terms, decreased by 20.7% or R82.1 m.
During December 2016, poultry imports consisted of 90.6% chicken meat and product, 9.4% turkey meat and product; and only 0.002% ducks, geese and guinea fowl. The FOB value of R313.7 m for poultry imports for December 2016 comprises chicken imports at R271.9 m (86.7%), turkey imports at R 41.7 m (13.3%) and imports of other types of poultry at R 69 567 (0.022 %).
3. Broiler imports 3.1. Annual broiler imports
According to the audited figures of SARS, the annual broiler imports for 2016 totaled 528 506 tonnes. This is 71 132 t more than in 2015 (15.6%; on 457 374 t). Table 2 shows the split between fresh and frozen chicken, and the amount of mechanically deboned meat (MDM) within the frozen imports.
3.2. Monthly broiler imports
Broiler imports for December 2016 totaled 31 301 t, a decrease of 34.3% on a monthly basis (- 16 312 t) and a decrease of 11 141 t or 26.3% when compared to the same month in the previous year. Total broiler imports, on a monthly basis from January 2013, are shown in Graph 2.
3.3. Accumulated broiler imports in terms of volume
Accumulated broiler imports at the end of 2015 were 88 569 t or 24% higher than in December 2014. Accumulated broiler imports at the end of
2016, in turn, are 71 132 t or 15.6% higher than in December 2015. Accumulated broiler imports for 2016 are shown in Graph 3, along with accumulated import volumes for the past 3 years.
The distribution of broiler imports in terms of the main products imported, expressed as a percentage of total chicken imports, is shown in Table 3.
3.4. Accumulated broiler imports in terms of FOB value
During December 2016, broiler imports to an FOB value of R271.9 m entered the country. This is a 46.3% decrease on November 2016 levels (- R234.2 m) and a 28.1% decrease over levels recorded in the same month a year ago (- R105.7 m). The accumulated value of imports of broiler products during 2016 was R5.02 billion; a 16.8% increase over 2015 broiler imports (R4.3 billion).
3.5. Imports under different tariffs
3.5.1.Imports of frozen mechanically de-boned meat (MDM)
In December 2016, a total of 13 506 t were imported at an FOB of R64.4 m (Graph 4), an increase of 589 t, or 4.6%, on a monthly basis but a decrease of 2 881 t, or 17.6%, on a yearly basis (compared to December 2015).
During 2015, a total of 179 891 t were imported at an
FOB of R722.9 m. In 2016, accumulated imports of MDM are 8.5% (+ 15 363 t) higher than 2015 (FOB R825 million).
3.5.2. Imports of carcasses (excluding necks and offal) with all cuts removed
During December 2016, a total of 1 607 t of carcasses was imported at an FOB of R6.9 m. This is 1 254 t (43.8%) less than in November and, on a yearly basis, is down by 18 t (-1.1%).
During 2015, a total of 22 440 t of chicken carcasses were imported at an FOB of 113.6 m. In 2016, accumulated imports of frozen chicken carcasses (21 416 t) are 4.6% (- 1 024 t) lower than in 2015 (FOB value for 2016: R91.5 million).
3.5.3. Imports of whole frozen chickens
In December 2016, a total of 961 t of whole frozen chickens were imported at an FOB value of R11.3 m. This is 5 t, or 0.6 %, less than the previous month, but 47 % up on the levels imported during December 2015 (+ 307 t).
During 2015, a total of 4 321 t were imported under this code, at an FOB value of R68.1 m. For 2016, accumulated imports of frozen whole broilers (9 597 t) are 122% (+ 5 276 t) higher than in 2015 (FOB value for 2016: R114.3 million).
3.5.4. Imports of frozen boneless cuts
Imports of frozen boneless cuts totaled 1 194 t in December 2016, at an FOB value of R29 m; an increase of 17.8% (+ 181 t) on a monthly volume basis and an increase of 30.7% (+ 281 t) compared to December 2015 tonnes.
A total of 15 811 t of frozen boneless cuts were imported in 2015, at an FOB value of R384.6 m. In 2016, accumulated imports of frozen chicken boneless portions (12 506 t) are 20.9% (- 3 305 t) lower than in 2015 and have an FOB value of R283.1 million.
3.5.5. Imports of frozen bonein portions (including legquarters)
Imports of frozen chicken bone-in portions decreased by 14 163 t, or 55%, in December 2016 in comparison with the previous month, to total 11 574 t at an FOB of R143 m (Graph 5). December’s imports decreased by 39.0%, or 7 385 t, on a yearly basis.
Of the 239 589 tonnes of bone-in portions imported in 2016, 64.5% were leg quarters; 15.3% wings; 13.3% drumsticks; 3.7% thighs; and 3.1% other bone-in cuts. Only 39 t of “whole chickens, cut in half” and 91 t of bone-in breasts have been imported since January 2016.
Accumulated tonnages of imported frozen, bonein portions over the past 4 years are shown in Graph 6. From May 2015 onwards, accumulated tonnes of imported frozen bone-in portions have exceeded levels accumulated in the preceding three years (2012 – 2014; 2012 not shown). The total imports of bone-in portions for 2015 were 192 390 t at an FOB value of R2.72 billion. This was a 22.4% increase over 2014 tonnages (157 118 t) even with the temporary import bans in place against the US, the Netherlands, the UK and Germany, in response to outbreaks of avian influenza. In 2016, accumulated imports of frozen chicken bone-in portions (239 589 t) are 24.5% (+ 47 199 t) higher than in 2015 and have an FOB value of R3.363 billion.¡ The full report may be downloaded from the SAPA website (www.sapoultry.co.za)