SA poultry meat imports country report - March 2017
Country Report March 2017
This report is based on SARS verified stats. The verified stats will be corrected up to two years in arrears. Where the term ‘poultry’ is used, this may refer to imports of chicken, turkey, duck, goose or guinea fowl.
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1. Annual imports for 2016
Poultry imports for 2016 totalled 560 155 t. The percentage contributions from the major importing countries are shown in Graph 1.
Brazil was the main country of origin in 2016, accounting for 41.7%, or 233 787 t, of total poultry imports into South Africa. The Netherlands were the second largest importer into the country, with 19.7% or 110 344 t. The UK also recovered from the effects of avian influenza-related trade bans in 2015, to account for 8.2% of imports in 2016 (45 657 t). Spain held on to fourth position on the imports table with 39 620 t (7.1%). The US re-entered the South African poultry market in January 2016 and exported a total of 26 573 t of poultry products to our shores in 2016 (4.7%). In 2015, Belgian poultry imports into South Africa increased by 198 % over 2014 levels to account for 7.4% of total imports, but accounted for only 4.3% in 2016 (24 256 t). Argentina finished 2016 in seventh position with 3.3% of total poultry imports (18 713 t). All other importing countries contributed less than 3% each to imports of poultry into South Africa in 2016. If the EU countries are considered as a single entity, 48.1% of poultry imports entered SA through the EU in 2016, compared to 41.7% in 2015 and 48.5% in 2014. The dip in 2015 reflects the impact of the bans on EU countries affected by avian influenza. In Graph 2, the EU countries are grouped together as a single entity.
2. Monthly imports for March 2017
Poultry imports into South Africa totalled 65 658 tonnes in March 2017. Since December, Brazil had regained its position as the main country of origin for South African poultry imports, but has lost this title to the US in March. Temporary trade bans against European countries experiencing outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza are in effect. In March 2017, the US accounted for 38.2% or 25 103 t of total imports (Graph 3); cf 16.8% of total imports in February and 9.6% in January. Under the terms of the AGOA agreement, US imports of frozen bone in portions resumed in January 2016. The US may export 65 000 tonnes of bone-in frozen chicken per annum, free from anti-dumping duties. In March they leapt into the void left by the Europeans.
Brazil was the second biggest importer of poultry products into South Africa in March (37.9%). Belgium was responsible for 7.0% of the total imports; Spain 3.9%; Canada 3.9%; Argentina 3.8%; Ireland 3.2%; and Thailand 1.5%. Other countries contributed 0.5% collectively. A good number of European countries, including the Netherlands, the UK, Germany, Poland, France and Spain, have reported outbreaks of HPAI in commercial and backyard operations since December 2016 and trade bans are now in place. Belgium would appear to be the channel for EU imports when other countries are hit by AI bans.
Only 218 kilogrammes of poultry product arrived from France in March, because of
Ai-related restrictions on trade. The Germans recorded HPAI in wild birds, fattening turkeys and breeder hens in December 2016 and no German imports were received in March 2017.
Canada, a regular exporter to South Africa until January 2015, resumed exports in January 2016. The Canadians exported 2 530 t of poultry products to South Africa in March 2017.
Poland entered the South African market in August 2016, with 82 t of chicken drumsticks and chicken offal. Polish volumes increased to 2 521 t in November 2016 but the country is now experiencing on-going outbreaks of HPAI and no poultry imports were received from Poland in March 2017.
Graph 4 shows the origin of poultry imports in March 2017, with the EU countries grouped together as a single entity. Imports from the EU contributed 14.3% (9 370 t) of total poultry imports into South Africa in March (cf 63.1% in November 2016). EU tonnages were up 0.8% on a monthly basis but are down 59.7% on a year-on-year basis.
Countries of origin 3.1. Poultry imports from Brazil
Poultry imports from Brazil totalled 24 906 t in March 2017, representing 37.9% of total poultry imports in volume terms, with an FOB import value of R238.1 million. On a monthly basis, imports from Brazil increased by 25% (+ 4 979 t). Imports increased by 6.6% (+ 1 547 t) compared to March 2016. Brazilian imports in March 2017 included 63.7% mechanically deboned meat; 4.9% chicken offal; 17.3% frozen chicken bone-in portions (up from just 2.9% in December 2016); 5.8% frozen boneless chicken portions and 6.7% turkey meat – and only 1.1% whole frozen chicken.
Graph 5 shows the monthly imports (t) from Brazil, since March 2013.
3.2. Poultry imports from the EU
Graph 6 depicts the total monthly poultry imports from the European Union from March 2013 to March 2017. Very few EU nations sent product to South Africa in March, because of AIrelated trade bans. During March 2017, 9 370 t of poultry imports entered the country from the EU; this is 0.8% more than in February. EU imports represent 14.3% of total poultry imports in March, down from 23.7% in February 2017 and down 59.7% (- 13 859 t) from March 2016 imports. The contribution of frozen bone-in portions imports originating from the EU is increasing, relative to imports from other countries, except in months in which Ai-related trade bans apply.
3.3. Poultry imports from the USA
Imports of frozen bone-in portions, until recently subject to anti-dumping duties, resumed from the USA in January 2016. Imports from the US totalled a staggering 25 103 t in March; up 18 521 t (+ 281%) on February 2017 imports (Graph 7). March imports included 72.9% frozen chicken leg quarters; 18.4% frozen chicken drumsticks; 6.2% other bone-in portions (thighs and wings); and 1.1% boneless chicken cuts. American imports accounted for 38.2% of total imports in March 2017. Imports from the US were valued at R242.2 million (FOB).