SA poul­try meat im­ports coun­try re­port - March 2017

Coun­try Re­port March 2017

The Poultry Bulletin - - CONTENTS - The full re­port may be down­loaded from the SAPA web­site.

Please note:

This re­port is based on SARS ver­i­fied stats. The ver­i­fied stats will be cor­rected up to two years in ar­rears. Where the term ‘poul­try’ is used, this may re­fer to im­ports of chicken, turkey, duck, goose or guinea fowl.


The views ex­pressed in SAPA STATS re­ports re­flect those of SAPA in col­lab­o­ra­tion with its in­de­pen­dent con­sul­tants and do not con­sti­tute any spe­cific ad­vice as to de­ci­sions or ac­tions that should be taken. While ev­ery care has been taken in pre­par­ing doc­u­ments no rep­re­sen­ta­tion nor war­ranty or any ex­pressed or im­plied un­der­tak­ing is given and no re­spon­si­bil­ity or li­a­bil­ity is ac­cepted by SAPA as to the ac­cu­racy or com­plete­ness of the in­for­ma­tion con­tained herein whether as elec­tronic data or as a fin­ished re­port. SAPA or its in­de­pen­dent con­sul­tants do not ac­cept re­spon­si­bil­ity or li­a­bil­ity for any dam­ages of what­so­ever na­ture which any per­son may suf­fer as a re­sult of any decision or ac­tion taken on the ba­sis of the in­for­ma­tion con­tained herein. All opin­ions and es­ti­mates con­tained in the re­ports may be changed af­ter pub­li­ca­tion with­out no­tice.

All fore­casts of fu­ture pro­duc­tion, prices, trade or feed and feed in­gre­di­ent trends are based on the opin­ion of in­de­pen­dent con­sul­tants con­tracted to SAPA. These fore­casts are for guide­line pur­poses only and SAPA does not, in any way, war­rant that these pre­dic­tions will be re­alised. SAPA there­fore cau­tions any user of this in­for­ma­tion to treat it in an ap­pro­pri­ate man­ner.

These sta­tis­ti­cal re­ports and/or elec­tronic data are placed in the pub­lic do­main and may be used by other par­ties con­di­tional to the source of the data/ re­port be­ing at­trib­uted to SAPA.

1. An­nual im­ports for 2016

Poul­try im­ports for 2016 to­talled 560 155 t. The per­cent­age con­tri­bu­tions from the ma­jor im­port­ing coun­tries are shown in Graph 1.

Brazil was the main coun­try of ori­gin in 2016, ac­count­ing for 41.7%, or 233 787 t, of to­tal poul­try im­ports into South Africa. The Nether­lands were the sec­ond largest im­porter into the coun­try, with 19.7% or 110 344 t. The UK also re­cov­ered from the ef­fects of avian in­fluenza-re­lated trade bans in 2015, to ac­count for 8.2% of im­ports in 2016 (45 657 t). Spain held on to fourth po­si­tion on the im­ports ta­ble with 39 620 t (7.1%). The US re-en­tered the South African poul­try mar­ket in Jan­uary 2016 and ex­ported a to­tal of 26 573 t of poul­try prod­ucts to our shores in 2016 (4.7%). In 2015, Bel­gian poul­try im­ports into South Africa in­creased by 198 % over 2014 levels to ac­count for 7.4% of to­tal im­ports, but ac­counted for only 4.3% in 2016 (24 256 t). Ar­gentina fin­ished 2016 in sev­enth po­si­tion with 3.3% of to­tal poul­try im­ports (18 713 t). All other im­port­ing coun­tries con­trib­uted less than 3% each to im­ports of poul­try into South Africa in 2016. If the EU coun­tries are con­sid­ered as a sin­gle en­tity, 48.1% of poul­try im­ports en­tered SA through the EU in 2016, com­pared to 41.7% in 2015 and 48.5% in 2014. The dip in 2015 re­flects the im­pact of the bans on EU coun­tries af­fected by avian in­fluenza. In Graph 2, the EU coun­tries are grouped to­gether as a sin­gle en­tity.

2. Monthly im­ports for March 2017

Poul­try im­ports into South Africa to­talled 65 658 tonnes in March 2017. Since De­cem­ber, Brazil had re­gained its po­si­tion as the main coun­try of ori­gin for South African poul­try im­ports, but has lost this ti­tle to the US in March. Tem­po­rary trade bans against Euro­pean coun­tries ex­pe­ri­enc­ing out­breaks of highly path­o­genic avian in­fluenza are in ef­fect. In March 2017, the US ac­counted for 38.2% or 25 103 t of to­tal im­ports (Graph 3); cf 16.8% of to­tal im­ports in Fe­bru­ary and 9.6% in Jan­uary. Un­der the terms of the AGOA agree­ment, US im­ports of frozen bone in por­tions re­sumed in Jan­uary 2016. The US may ex­port 65 000 tonnes of bone-in frozen chicken per an­num, free from anti-dump­ing du­ties. In March they leapt into the void left by the Euro­peans.

Brazil was the sec­ond big­gest im­porter of poul­try prod­ucts into South Africa in March (37.9%). Bel­gium was re­spon­si­ble for 7.0% of the to­tal im­ports; Spain 3.9%; Canada 3.9%; Ar­gentina 3.8%; Ire­land 3.2%; and Thai­land 1.5%. Other coun­tries con­trib­uted 0.5% col­lec­tively. A good num­ber of Euro­pean coun­tries, in­clud­ing the Nether­lands, the UK, Ger­many, Poland, France and Spain, have re­ported out­breaks of HPAI in com­mer­cial and back­yard op­er­a­tions since De­cem­ber 2016 and trade bans are now in place. Bel­gium would ap­pear to be the chan­nel for EU im­ports when other coun­tries are hit by AI bans.

Only 218 kilo­grammes of poul­try prod­uct ar­rived from France in March, be­cause of

Ai-re­lated re­stric­tions on trade. The Ger­mans recorded HPAI in wild birds, fat­ten­ing tur­keys and breeder hens in De­cem­ber 2016 and no Ger­man im­ports were re­ceived in March 2017.

Canada, a reg­u­lar ex­porter to South Africa un­til Jan­uary 2015, re­sumed ex­ports in Jan­uary 2016. The Cana­di­ans ex­ported 2 530 t of poul­try prod­ucts to South Africa in March 2017.

Poland en­tered the South African mar­ket in Au­gust 2016, with 82 t of chicken drum­sticks and chicken of­fal. Pol­ish vol­umes in­creased to 2 521 t in Novem­ber 2016 but the coun­try is now ex­pe­ri­enc­ing on-go­ing out­breaks of HPAI and no poul­try im­ports were re­ceived from Poland in March 2017.

Graph 4 shows the ori­gin of poul­try im­ports in March 2017, with the EU coun­tries grouped to­gether as a sin­gle en­tity. Im­ports from the EU con­trib­uted 14.3% (9 370 t) of to­tal poul­try im­ports into South Africa in March (cf 63.1% in Novem­ber 2016). EU ton­nages were up 0.8% on a monthly ba­sis but are down 59.7% on a year-on-year ba­sis.

Coun­tries of ori­gin 3.1. Poul­try im­ports from Brazil

Poul­try im­ports from Brazil to­talled 24 906 t in March 2017, rep­re­sent­ing 37.9% of to­tal poul­try im­ports in vol­ume terms, with an FOB im­port value of R238.1 mil­lion. On a monthly ba­sis, im­ports from Brazil in­creased by 25% (+ 4 979 t). Im­ports in­creased by 6.6% (+ 1 547 t) com­pared to March 2016. Brazil­ian im­ports in March 2017 in­cluded 63.7% me­chan­i­cally deboned meat; 4.9% chicken of­fal; 17.3% frozen chicken bone-in por­tions (up from just 2.9% in De­cem­ber 2016); 5.8% frozen bone­less chicken por­tions and 6.7% turkey meat – and only 1.1% whole frozen chicken.

Graph 5 shows the monthly im­ports (t) from Brazil, since March 2013.

3.2. Poul­try im­ports from the EU

Graph 6 de­picts the to­tal monthly poul­try im­ports from the Euro­pean Union from March 2013 to March 2017. Very few EU na­tions sent prod­uct to South Africa in March, be­cause of AIre­lated trade bans. Dur­ing March 2017, 9 370 t of poul­try im­ports en­tered the coun­try from the EU; this is 0.8% more than in Fe­bru­ary. EU im­ports rep­re­sent 14.3% of to­tal poul­try im­ports in March, down from 23.7% in Fe­bru­ary 2017 and down 59.7% (- 13 859 t) from March 2016 im­ports. The con­tri­bu­tion of frozen bone-in por­tions im­ports orig­i­nat­ing from the EU is in­creas­ing, rel­a­tive to im­ports from other coun­tries, ex­cept in months in which Ai-re­lated trade bans ap­ply.

3.3. Poul­try im­ports from the USA

Im­ports of frozen bone-in por­tions, un­til re­cently sub­ject to anti-dump­ing du­ties, re­sumed from the USA in Jan­uary 2016. Im­ports from the US to­talled a stag­ger­ing 25 103 t in March; up 18 521 t (+ 281%) on Fe­bru­ary 2017 im­ports (Graph 7). March im­ports in­cluded 72.9% frozen chicken leg quar­ters; 18.4% frozen chicken drum­sticks; 6.2% other bone-in por­tions (thighs and wings); and 1.1% bone­less chicken cuts. Amer­i­can im­ports ac­counted for 38.2% of to­tal im­ports in March 2017. Im­ports from the US were val­ued at R242.2 mil­lion (FOB).

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