University of Arkansas study
In a similar study it was found that adding eggs to the diets of 6 to 8-year old children in undernourished areas in rural Uganda increased their height and weight.
When it comes to having a positive effect on physical growth, two eggs are better than one, and one egg is better than having no source of protein and nutrients critical to growth and development, according to this pilot study conducted by University of Arkansas System Division of Agriculture researchers. The study focused on three schools in the rural Kitgum district of northern Uganda.
“Countries in subsaharan Africa have a high prevalence of children that are underweight with significant stunting of growth,” said Jamie Baum, one of the authors, adding that micronutrients are critical to physical and cognitive development.
“Eggs are an inexpensive source of 13 essential micronutrients and a good source of high-quality protein, which makes them an ideal candidate for implementation into a school feeding program,” researchers said.
The school children, between ages 6 and 8, were provided with hard-boiled eggs five days a week and their growth was tracked by measuring height, weight, midupper arm circumference and tricep skinfold thickness. The study found that all children grew in both height and weight, but children who had two eggs a day had significantly higher growth at the end of six months than those who had one egg and the group who received no eggs showed the least growth.
The team could demonstrate that eggs, given as a supplement to their diet five days a week, improved the parameters of growth in school-aged children participating in school feeding programs in rural Uganda.¡