CHESS

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Gyula Breyer (1893-1921) was a Hun­gar­ian player who was one of the pioneers of the Hyper­mod­ern move­ment where play­ers such as Nim­zovich and Reti showed that one could con­trol the cen­tre by at­tack­ing it rather than oc­cu­py­ing it. This led Breyer to fa­mously de­clare that ‘af­ter 1e4 White’s game is in its last throes’ al­though he did con­tinue to play the move him­self. This some­what tongue in cheek dic­tum is based on the as­ser­tion that the first move was a dis­ad­van­tage on the grounds that White has to com­mit him­self. Af­ter WW1 his played im­proved rapidly and in Ber­lin 1920 came first ahead of Bo­goljubov, Reti and Tar­rasch. Fur­ther ev­i­dence of his gift for the game was re­vealed in 1921 when he set a world blind­fold record by play­ing 25 games si­mul­ta­ne­ously. Alas, later that year he died of heart fail­ure at the ten­der age of 28 and thus the chess world lost one of its unique tal­ents. His main of­fer­ing to chess the­ory is the typ­i­cally un­con­ven­tional 9…Nb8 in the main line of the Ruy Lopez (1 e4 e5 2 Nf3 Nc6 3 Bb5 a6 4 Ba4 Nf6 5 0-0 Be7 6 Re1 b5 7 Bb3 d6 8 c3 0-0 9 h3 Nb8) a move which his­tory re­veals he was the first to sug­gest rather than play. Lasker,Emanuel - Breyer,Gyula [C21] Bu­dapest, 1911 López, in­ef­fec­tual; the Queen’s Gam­bit, com­pro­mis­ing; and in any case (thus preaches the Grand Cophta Breyer in a trea­tise pub­lished by him) White would be in the last throes al­ready af­ter the first move! (Tar­takower)

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