HOW THREE CUPS OF COF­FEE A DAY COULD EX­TEND YOUR LIFE

The Star Early Edition - - VERVE LIFESTYLE -

DRINK­ING three cups of cof­fee a day could ex­tend your life, re­search sug­gests. Two ma­jor stud­ies, one led by Bri­tish re­searchers and one in the US, have in­de­pen­dently found con­sum­ing up to three cups a day re­duces the risk of an early death.

The pa­pers, both pub­lished in the An­nals of In­ter­nal Medicine, found links be­tween cof­fee and re­duced risks of liver dis­ease, cir­cu­la­tory prob­lems and dis­eases linked to the di­ges­tive tract.

The sci­en­tists be­lieve the an­tiox­i­dant plant com­pounds in cof­fee are re­spon­si­ble for the ben­e­fits, rather than caf­feine. Peo­ple who drank de­caf­feinated cof­fee were also pro­tected, the re­searchers found.

Cof­fee seems to im­prove liver func­tion, re­duce in­flam­ma­tion and boost the im­mune sys­tem, they said.

The Euro­pean study, led by Im­pe­rial Col­lege Lon­don and the UN In­ter­na­tional Agency for Re­search on Can­cer, tracked 520 000 peo­ple over the age of 35 in 10 coun­tries for an av­er­age of 16 years.

It found men who drank three cups of cof­fee a day were 18% less likely to die over that pe­riod, when com­pared to peo­ple who did not drink cof­fee at all.

Women who drank three cups of the bev­er­age a day had an 8% re­duced chance of death.

The US study, led by the Univer­sity of South­ern Cal­i­for­nia, which in­volved 186 000 peo­ple, who were also tracked for 16 years, found sim­i­lar re­sults. Amer­i­cans who con­sumed a cup of cof­fee a day were 12% less likely to die, com­pared to those who didn’t drink cof­fee, and those who drank three cups had an 18% re­duced chance of death.

Euro­pean study leader Dr Marc Gunter of the In­ter­na­tional Agency for Re­search on Can­cer, said: “We found higher cof­fee con­sump­tion was as­so­ci­ated with a lower risk of death from any cause, and specif­i­cally for cir­cu­la­tory dis­eases, and di­ges­tive dis­eases.

“Im­por­tantly, these re­sults were sim­i­lar across all of the 10 Euro­pean coun­tries, with vari­able cof­fee drink­ing habits and cus­toms.”

The re­searchers also found cof­fee drinkers had health­ier liv­ers over­all and bet­ter glu­cose con­trol than non-cof­fee drinkers.

Cof­fee con­tains a num­ber of com­pounds which in­ter­act with the body, in­clud­ing caf­feine, diter­penes and an­tiox­i­dants, and the sci­en­tists be­lieve some of these have a pro­tec­tive im­pact.

Gunter added: “We are not at the stage of rec­om­mend­ing peo­ple to drink more or less cof­fee. That said, our re­sults sug­gest that moder­ate cof­fee drink­ing – up to around three cups per day – is not detri­men­tal and that in­cor­po­rat­ing cof­fee into your diet could have health ben­e­fits.”

US study leader Dr Veron­ica Se­ti­awan, of the Keck School of Medicine at the Univer­sity of South­ern Cal­i­for­nia, said: “Cof­fee con­tains a lot of an­tiox­i­dants and phe­no­lic com­pounds that play an im­por­tant role in can­cer prevention.”

*** PEPPING UP THE PLANET

2.25 bil­lion cups of cof­fee are drunk world­wide each day, 55 mil­lion of them in Bri­tain.

Its use is thought to date from 11th cen­tury Ethiopia, when a goatherd no­ticed his an­i­mals be­came en­er­getic af­ter eat­ing the berries of a cof­fee plant.

Caf­feine is the most widely used drug in the world, con­sumed ev­ery day by 90% of us.

The drug stim­u­lates the cen­tral ner­vous sys­tem, re­duc­ing tired­ness and in­creas­ing alert­ness.

Cof­fee is said to pro­tect against womb and liver can­cer and re­duce the risk of Parkin­son’s dis­ease, mul­ti­ple sclero­sis, heart dis­ease, type 2 di­a­betes and Alzheimer’s.

But drink­ing more than 0.4g of caf­feine a day has been linked to anx­i­ety, sleep­less­ness and dis­turbed heart rhythm.

– Daily Mail

Cof­fee can re­duce the risk of liver dis­ease and cir­cu­la­tory prob­lems.

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