JUST THE FACTS: POVERTY IN AFRICA

The Star Early Edition - - OPINION & ANALYSIS -

IN SUB-SA­HA­RAN Africa, 41 per­cent of the pop­u­la­tion lives in a state of ex­treme poverty, most of­ten found in coun­tries with ru­ral and agri­cul­tural pop­u­la­tions.

1. In sub-Sa­ha­ran Africa, 41 per­cent of the pop­u­la­tion lives in a state of ex­treme poverty and must try to get by on the lo­cal equiv­a­lent of just $1.90 (R24.55) or less per per­son per day.

2. This share is down sig­nif­i­cantly from about 55 per­cent in 1990.

3. Ex­treme poverty is most of­ten found in coun­tries with ru­ral and agri­cul­tural pop­u­la­tions, large num­bers of younger peo­ple, less ed­u­ca­tional at­tain­ment and larger fam­ily sizes.

4. Sub-Sa­ha­ran Africa fea­tures all of these chal­lenges much more in­tensely than other world re­gions. 5. A big chal­lenge is the con­tin­u­ing pop­u­la­tion boom. 6. The pop­u­la­tions of China and In­dia grew by 18 per­cent and 47 per­cent, re­spec­tively, from 1990 to 2013.

7. By con­trast, sub-Sa­ha­ran Africa’s pop­u­la­tion might grow as much as 75 per­cent from 2013 to 2036.

8. With the de­cline in East Asia’s ex­treme poverty, sub-Sa­ha­ran Africa now stands as home to the largest pop­u­la­tion liv­ing in such con­di­tions.

9. Half of all peo­ple liv­ing in ex­treme poverty world­wide can be found there (50.7 per­cent).

10. Only about one-eighth (13.3 per­cent) of the over­all world pop­u­la­tion lives in sub-Sa­ha­ran Africa.

11. The to­tal num­ber of peo­ple there con­tend­ing with ex­treme poverty is about 388.7 mil­lion.

12. Any ef­fort to erad­i­cate ex­treme poverty will have to cen­tre on sub-Sa­ha­ran Africa.

Sources: The Glob­al­ist Re­search Cen­ter, World Bank. This ar­ti­cle ini­tially ap­peared on The Glob­al­ist. Fol­low The Glob­al­ist on Twit­ter: @the­glob­al­ist

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