JUST THE FACTS: ERAD­I­CAT­ING POVERTY SOON?

The Star Early Edition - - OPINION & ANALYSIS - Sources: The Glob­al­ist Re­search Cen­ter, World Bank. This ar­ti­cle ini­tially ap­peared on The Glob­al­ist. Fol­low The Glob­al­ist on Twit­ter: @the­glob­al­ist

AS RE­CENTLY as 1990, 35 per­cent of all people on earth were in a state of ex­treme poverty. About a third of all people in ex­treme poverty around the world to­day live in South Asia.

1. Less than three decades ago, 35 per­cent of all people on earth were in a state of ex­treme poverty.

2. There are now about 1.1 bil­lion fewer people in ex­treme poverty.

3. The pre­de­ces­sor to the Sus­tain­able De­vel­op­ment Goals set in 2015 were the UN’s Mil­len­nium De­vel­op­ment Goals set in 2000.

4. The lat­ter aimed to cut in half the share of people liv­ing in ex­treme poverty in 1990 by the year 2015. That goal was more than met.

5. East Asia – es­pe­cially China – ex­pe­ri­enced an enor­mous tran­si­tion out of ex­treme poverty dur­ing that span.

6. East Asia’s pop­u­la­tion share liv­ing in that con­di­tion dropped from about 60 per­cent to just 3.5 per­cent.

7. That mat­ters greatly since more than a fifth of the over­all world pop­u­la­tion lives in East Asia.

8. As re­cently as 1990, half of all people in ex­treme poverty could still be found in East Asia. To­day it is just 9.3 per­cent.

9. South Asia, an­chored by pop­u­lous India, Pak­istan and Bangladesh, could be the next re­gion to come close to elim­i­nat­ing ex­treme poverty, pro­vided it can fol­low East Asia’s progress on poverty re­duc­tion since 1990.

10. About a third of all people in ex­treme poverty around the world to­day live in South Asia – a higher per­cent­age than the re­gion’s over­all share of the world pop­u­la­tion (one quar­ter).

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