FACTS YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT PROSTATE CAN­CER

True Love - - HEALTH -

The Can­cer As­so­ci­a­tion of South Africa of­fers a wealth of in­for­ma­tion on screen­ing, treat­ment and man­ag­ing the dis­ease. Here are use­ful tips from the or­gan­i­sa­tion:

1. The symp­toms: Be aware of uri­nat­ing prob­lems, pain in the pelvis, pain when ejac­u­lat­ing, sex­ual dys­func­tion, weight loss and in­tense bone pain.

2. The sci­ence: Prostate spe­cific anti­gens are a protein pro­duced by the tis­sue in the prostate. High lev­els can in­di­cate ei­ther can­cer or an in­flamed prostate.

3. Screen­ing: Men should go for an an­nual screen­ing from the age of 40, then ev­ery sec­ond year af­ter 50. 4. Types of screen­ing:

There are two main types – dig­i­tal rec­tal ex­am­i­na­tion or blood test­ing for prostate spe­cific anti­gens (tox­ins). 5. What dig­i­tal rec­tal

ex­am­i­na­tion en­tails: A gloved fin­ger is in­serted into the rec­tum to ex­am­ine the prostate. If there are ab­nor­mal­i­ties, more tests may be con­ducted. 6. What blood test­ing en­tails: A sam­ple of blood is drawn from the arm and sent for test­ing to de­tect the pres­ence or lev­els of anti­gens. 7. Treat­ment op­tions:

There are nu­mer­ous treat­ment op­tions, from surgery to re­move the prostate, ra­di­a­tion that kills can­cer cells, ra­dioac­tive seeds placed in the prostate ( brachyther­apy), to hor­mone ther­apy and chemo­ther­apy.

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from South Africa

© PressReader. All rights reserved.