Oral con­tra­cep­tion can be used to treat ail­ments

Weekend Argus (Sunday Edition) - - HEALTH -

APART from pre­vent­ing preg­nancy, there are other ben­e­fits as­so­ci­ated with us­ing a con­tra­cep­tive pill.

Some ex­perts punt both com­bi­na­tion and pro­ges­terone-only pills as the best treat­ment for men­strual cramps, heavy pe­ri­ods and low­er­ing the risk of ec­topic preg­nan­cies.

Acne: Many con­tra­cep­tive pills con­tain norges­ti­mate – a form of skin-friendly pro­ges­terone which can de­crease lev­els of testos­terone in the body.

Gy­nae­co­log­i­cal con­di­tions: Many women strug­gle with ei­ther a heavy cy­cle, ir­reg­u­lar pe­ri­ods or pe­riod pains. Con­tra­cep­tives can also help ease the symp­toms of ab­nor­mal­i­ties or con­di­tions such as en­dometrio­sis.

Cer­tain birth con­trol pills may ease mood swings, es­pe­cially those as­so­ci­ated with pre­men­strual syn­drome, or the more se­vere pre­men­strual dys­pho­nic dis­or­der.

Men­strual mi­graines: About three weeks into your monthly cy­cle, oe­stro­gen lev­els plum­met and can re­sult in headaches. Cer­tain con­tra­cep­tives pills can help de­crease mi­graines.

En­dometrio­sis: This is a painful dis­or­der in which tis­sue that nor­mally lines the uterus grows out­side it. While the con­di­tion can’t be cured, it can be man­aged. Most ex­perts be­lieve that birth con­trol that elim­i­nates men­stru­a­tion can slow the growth of en­dome­trial cells and re­duce symp­toms. Birth con­trol types:

Depo-Provera: A hor­monal shot that pro­tects against preg­nancy for 3 months. Only 3% of users fall preg­nant a year.

Birth con­trol im­plant: This is a match­stick-sized rod that a doc­tor places un­der the skin of a woman’s up­per arm. It re­leases the same hor­mone that’s present in a birth con­trol shot. The fail­ure rate is less than 1%.

Tubal Implants: A newer pro­ce­dure blocks the fal­lop­ian tubes with­out surgery. A doc­tor in­serts a small me­tal or sil­i­cone im­plant in­side each tube. Scar tis­sue grows around the implants and blocks the tubes. Once an X-ray con­firms the tubes are blocked, no other form of birth con­trol is needed.

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