Spain’s poverty en­trenched fam­i­lies in­crease

Costa del Sol News - - FRONT PAGE -

By Dave Jamieson AL­MOST three in ten Span­ish fam­i­lies run the risk of en­trenched poverty, ac­cord­ing to a re­cent re­port.

The Barcelona-based AIS group has com­pared data sup­plied by the Na­tional Statistics Of­fice from 2009 and 2015 and con­cluded that the av­er­age in­come per house­hold has fallen in ev­ery re­gion of Spain over these seven years.

Their re­port pub­lished last month says that in 2009, be­fore the eco­nomic cri­sis be­gan to bite, the av­er­age fam­ily in­come was €30,045 and the rate of pop­u­la­tion to be con­sid­ered at risk of poverty was given as 20.4 per cent. By 2015, the study says in­come had fallen by 15.2 per cent to €26,092. How­ever, in the worst af­fected re­gion, An­dalucía, it was down 20 per cent from €26,125 to €20,851, the low­est in the coun­try. The high­est fig­ure of €33,051 in 2015 was recorded in the Basque Coun­try.

AIS says that by 2015, the rate of fam­i­lies con­sid­ered to be at risk of poverty in Spain was 22.1 per cent, but the fig­ure for those in en­trenched poverty had risen to 28.02 per cent. En­trenched poverty is usu­ally de­fined as hav­ing an an­nual in­come which is be­low a given per­cent­age the av­er­age an­nual in­come.

The AIS re­port also com­pares the rate of pop­u­la­tion in dan­ger of poverty and the rate of those at risk of en­trenched poverty, and once again, An­dalucía re­turns wor­ry­ing fig­ures. The study says that in 2015 there were 35.7 per cent of the re­gion’s fam­i­lies at risk of poverty, but those head­ing for en­trenched poverty to­talled 41.5 per cent. The only re­gions with com­pa­ra­ble fig­ures were Ex­tremadura’s 43.3 per cent and the Ca­nary Is­land’s 41.9 per cent.

Con­sid­er­ing prov­inces, Cór­doba had the high­est na­tional rate of en­trenched poverty in 2015 at 42.5 per cent. Twelve other prov­inces rated over 40 per cent in­clud­ing all of the re­main­der of An­dalucía ex­cept Málaga, plus Ex­tremadura, the Ca­nary Is­lands, Mur­cia and Cuenca. The prov­ince of Málaga recorded 37.2 per cent.

The big­gest dif­fer­ence be­tween poverty and en­trenched poverty rates was recorded in Cuenca where 15 per cent more peo­ple were at risk of en­trenched poverty in 2015, com­pared with 2009.

Fi­nally com­par­ing cities of 50,000 pop­u­la­tion or greater, the high­est en­trenched poverty rate equated to al­most half the fam­i­lies in the city. San­lu­car de Bar­rameda in Cádiz re­turned a fig­ure of 46.7 per cent.

The data on poverty con­trasts sharply with last week’s gov­ern­ment fig­ures which in­di­cated that con­sumer spend­ing rose in the sec­ond quar­ter of this year.

Al­though un­em­ploy­ment at over 17 per cent is still sec­ond high­est in the EU after Greece, GDP rose 0.8 per cent be­tween April and June, en­cour­ag­ing Madrid to fore­cast growth of at least three per cent for 2017.

The av­er­age in­come per house­hold has fallen in ev­ery re­gion of Spain over the last seven years ac­cord­ing to the Barcelona-based AIS group's re­port

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