Spain’s poverty entrenched families increase
By Dave Jamieson ALMOST three in ten Spanish families run the risk of entrenched poverty, according to a recent report.
The Barcelona-based AIS group has compared data supplied by the National Statistics Office from 2009 and 2015 and concluded that the average income per household has fallen in every region of Spain over these seven years.
Their report published last month says that in 2009, before the economic crisis began to bite, the average family income was €30,045 and the rate of population to be considered at risk of poverty was given as 20.4 per cent. By 2015, the study says income had fallen by 15.2 per cent to €26,092. However, in the worst affected region, Andalucía, it was down 20 per cent from €26,125 to €20,851, the lowest in the country. The highest figure of €33,051 in 2015 was recorded in the Basque Country.
AIS says that by 2015, the rate of families considered to be at risk of poverty in Spain was 22.1 per cent, but the figure for those in entrenched poverty had risen to 28.02 per cent. Entrenched poverty is usually defined as having an annual income which is below a given percentage the average annual income.
The AIS report also compares the rate of population in danger of poverty and the rate of those at risk of entrenched poverty, and once again, Andalucía returns worrying figures. The study says that in 2015 there were 35.7 per cent of the region’s families at risk of poverty, but those heading for entrenched poverty totalled 41.5 per cent. The only regions with comparable figures were Extremadura’s 43.3 per cent and the Canary Island’s 41.9 per cent.
Considering provinces, Córdoba had the highest national rate of entrenched poverty in 2015 at 42.5 per cent. Twelve other provinces rated over 40 per cent including all of the remainder of Andalucía except Málaga, plus Extremadura, the Canary Islands, Murcia and Cuenca. The province of Málaga recorded 37.2 per cent.
The biggest difference between poverty and entrenched poverty rates was recorded in Cuenca where 15 per cent more people were at risk of entrenched poverty in 2015, compared with 2009.
Finally comparing cities of 50,000 population or greater, the highest entrenched poverty rate equated to almost half the families in the city. Sanlucar de Barrameda in Cádiz returned a figure of 46.7 per cent.
The data on poverty contrasts sharply with last week’s government figures which indicated that consumer spending rose in the second quarter of this year.
Although unemployment at over 17 per cent is still second highest in the EU after Greece, GDP rose 0.8 per cent between April and June, encouraging Madrid to forecast growth of at least three per cent for 2017.
The average income per household has fallen in every region of Spain over the last seven years according to the Barcelona-based AIS group's report