Vot­ing plans

Costa Levante News - - SPANISH NEWS -

The Cata­lan gov­ern­ment is ex­pected to an­nounce tech­ni­cal and le­gal de­tails of the re­gional Oc­to­ber 1 ref­er­en­dum on in­de­pen­dence next Tuesday.

It also plans an ad­vi­sory cam­paign in 200 mu­nic­i­pal­i­ties across Cataluña.

Madrid re­mains op­posed to the vote and has said it will use any means nec­es­sary to pre­vent it tak­ing place. NEWS Staff Re­porter FOR THE sec­ond con­sec­u­tive year, Spain recorded more deaths than births dur­ing 2016. Last week’s fig­ures from the Na­tional Sta­tis­tics In­sti­tute (INE) show 408,384 ba­bies were born last year, a drop of 2.8 per cent on 2015, while 409,099 cit­i­zens died, 3.2% fewer.

The fig­ures are be­ing in­ter­preted as consolidation of the de­mo­graphic cri­sis in which Spain presently finds it­self.

How­ever, the INE says the true pic­ture is even worse when it is taken into ac­count that 715 of the year’s births were to moth­ers liv­ing abroad, while over 18% of 2016’s births were to moth­ers of a na­tion­al­ity other than Span­ish.

The fall in the birth rate is even more dra­matic when con­sid­ered in an his­tor­i­cal con­text; since 2008, when a 30year record of 519,799 ba­bies were born, the an­nual to­tal has fallen 21.4%.

The av­er­age age at which a mother has her first child has now risen to 32 years, although Span­ish women be­come moth­ers on av­er­age three years later than women from other coun­tries. The av­er­age Span­ish woman now has 1.33 chil­dren, but the av­er­age fam­ily for non-Span­ish moth­ers has risen from 1.27 to 1.7 chil­dren.

Only 8.8 births are recorded for ev­ery 1,000 of the pop­u­la­tion, and the INE adds that the num­ber of women of child­bear­ing age (de­fined as 15 to 49 years) has con­tin­ued a de­cline which started in 2009, with the fig­ure now at 10.6 mil­lion,

Life ex­pectancy in Spain now av­er­ages 83.2 years – 80.4 years for men and 85.9 years for women – mean­ing that the num­ber of peo­ple re­ceiv­ing pen­sions con­tin­ues to in­crease.

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