MAM­MOTH FACT FILE

Daily Mirror (Sri Lanka) - - FEATURES/APPRECIATION -

The woolly mam­moth roamed the icy tun­dra of Europe and North Amer­ica for 140,000 years, dis­ap­pear­ing at the end of the Pleis­tocene pe­riod, 10,000 years ago.

They are one of the best un­der­stood pre­his­toric an­i­mals known to sci­ence be­cause their re­mains are of­ten not fos­silised but frozen and pre­served. Males were around 12 feet (3.5m) tall, while the fe­males were slightly smaller.

Curved tusks were up to 16 feet (5m) long and their un­der­bel­lies boasted a coat of shaggy hair up to 3 feet (1m) long. Tiny ears and short tails pre­vented vi­tal body heat be­ing lost.

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