ESWATINI ON TRACK IN IMPLEMENTATION OF MALABO COMMITMENTS
All 54 African Union (AU) member states have failed to meet the seven Malabo commitments towards realising agricultural transformation as stipulated in the Malabo Declaration on Agricultural Transformation.
The Inaugural Biennial Review Report now shows only 20 countries including Eswastini are on track to realizing the score of 10 on the Implementation of the Malabo declaration on Accelerated Agricultural Growth and Transformation for Shared Prosperity and Improved Livelihoods.
The 20 countries, that obtained the minimum overall score of 3.94 out of 10 to be on track (the 2017 benchmark) for implementing commitments of the Malabo declaration by 2025, include: Benin (4.3), Botswana (4.4), Burundi (4.7) and Burkina Faso (4.2).
The others are Cape Verde (4.6), Ethiopia (5.3), Kenya (4.8), Malawi (4.9), Mali (5.6) and Mauritania (4.8).
The rest are Mauritius (5.0), Morocco (5.5), Mozambique (4.1), Namibia (4.1), Rwanda (6.1), Seychelles (4.0), South Africa (4.1), Eswatini (4.0), Togo (4.9) and Uganda (4.5).
According to KBC Channel 1 News, the Director of Programme Implementation and Coordination at NEPAD Planning and Coordinating Agency (NEPAD Agency), Estherine Fotabong urged African states not to view the Biennial Review report as a “policing tool, but a working toolkit.”
“The Biennial Review should offer an opportunity for self-reflection,” said the Director of Programs at the Nepad Agency, Estherine Fotabong adding that, “It is not a tool to shame countries, but a tool to support member countries.”
Fotabong spoke in Libreville, Gabon, at the 14th Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Program (CAADP) private partnership conference with the theme, “Accelerating the Implementation of National Agricultural Investment Plans to Achieve the Malabo Goals and Targets”
She said the Biennial Review was developed through consultation with all 54 African Union member states’ ministries of agriculture so as to gauge the extent to which the member countries are implementing the Malabo declaration on agriculture transformation.
Fotabong said out of the 47 Member States that reported progress in implementing the Malabo declaration, only 20 reported to be on-track for achieving the commitments by 2025.
And speaking at the opening of the conference the AUC’s Commissioner for Rural Economy and Agriculture, Josefa Sacko reiterated that while the Biennial Review Report revealed that the continent as a whole is not on track to achieve the Malabo Declaration by 2025, formulating Malabo compliant National Agriculture Investment Plans (NAIPs), mobilising and investing in priority areas identified in the NAIPs while strengthening systemic capacity for implementation and coordination would remedy the situation.
“Our wish as AU is that by the time we start the second round of the biennial review process in 2019, all Member States will have domesticated the Malabo declaration in their NAIPs using the tools for evidence-based planning,” she said.
Fotabong noted that the National Agriculture Investment Plans (NAIPs) are critical as they play the important role of realising the targets set out in Malabo in 2014 noting that CAADP is a trailblaser for Africa which if well implemented should aid the continent in transformation its agriculture for shared prosperity. “Africa has to fund its own development,“said Fotabong and added, “Others can only come in to support us but the first investment must come from within the continent.” With Sacko urging stakeholders to support AU member states in formulating and or enhancing their NAIPs, “the basis of which the next continental report would be produced.”
“Renewed partnerships built on mutual accountability will help governments, the private sector, civil society, farmers and farmers’ organisations as well as development partners to deliver on results and impact for a transformed agriculture to reach the targets set by the Malabo Declaration.”
Fotabong on the other hand urged African states to recommit resources to implementing commitment number six, ‘enhancing resilience to climate variability’ noting that only Mauritius was on track in building resilience and setting aside budget lines on disaster preparedness policy and strategy and on early warning response systems and social safety nets in order to achieve a proportion of 100 per cent of household covered by index insurance. Fotabong, however, argued that countries may have not provided data since their reports on the National Determined Contributions that were presented at the Paris conference on climate change had indicated that most countries were on track.
“We do not believe that we just have one country that has met the requirement of the NDC as stipulated in the Paris agreement on climate change,” said Fotabong.