Eswatini energy demand to increase drastically in 2034
The overall energy demand of the country is projected to increase from 39.4 petajoules (PJ) in 2014 to 48.5 PJ in 2034. According to the country’s Energy Masterplan, this projected increase is driven by the shift from inefficient traditional biomass use to more efficient modern fuels in particular, electricity in the residential sector. The demand for traditional biomass is projected to decrease by more than half, from 14.5 PJ in 2014 to 6.4 PJ in 2034. As a result of the electrification of non-electrified households, residential sector energy demand drastical decreases by 2030; once the residential sector switches to other energy sources, the demand starts to pick up again slightly between 2030 and 2034. The sugar industry, agriculture and other industry sectors are expected to see the largest increase in energy demand of all sectors, with 75 per cent expected growth respectively over the planning period. The energy demand in the transport, commerce and government services sectors is projected to grow by 48 per cent and 22 per cent respectively over the planning period. The demand for oil products experiences strong growth of around 50 per cent by 2034, with 95 per cent of this growth coming from the transport sector. Coal has a relatively constant share of total energy demand at around five per cent from 2014 to 2034, and remains concentrated in the sugar and commerce and government services sectors. Electricity demand more than doubles, from 1 270 GWh in 2014 to 2 648 GWh (9.5 PJ) in 2034. Other industry (excluding sugar but including, e. g., manufacturing, construction, food and tobacco) is currently the fourth largest end-user of electricity and its demand is expected to grow to 80 per cent by 2034, when industry contributes around 15 per cent of electricity demand. This increase is due to economic growth that boosts energy demand, but is partly balanced off by more efficient energy use by industries over time, which constrains their growth in energy demand. Residential electricity demand increases from 1.2 PJ in 2014 to 3.7 PJ in 2034; it contributes the largest sector share of total electricity demand by 2034.