Eswa­tini en­ergy de­mand to in­crease dras­ti­cally in 2034

Observer on Saturday - - News -

The over­all en­ergy de­mand of the coun­try is pro­jected to in­crease from 39.4 peta­joules (PJ) in 2014 to 48.5 PJ in 2034. Ac­cord­ing to the coun­try’s En­ergy Mas­ter­plan, this pro­jected in­crease is driven by the shift from in­ef­fi­cient tra­di­tional biomass use to more ef­fi­cient mod­ern fu­els in par­tic­u­lar, elec­tric­ity in the res­i­den­tial sec­tor. The de­mand for tra­di­tional biomass is pro­jected to de­crease by more than half, from 14.5 PJ in 2014 to 6.4 PJ in 2034. As a re­sult of the elec­tri­fi­ca­tion of non-elec­tri­fied house­holds, res­i­den­tial sec­tor en­ergy de­mand dras­ti­cal de­creases by 2030; once the res­i­den­tial sec­tor switches to other en­ergy sources, the de­mand starts to pick up again slightly be­tween 2030 and 2034. The su­gar in­dus­try, agri­cul­ture and other in­dus­try sec­tors are ex­pected to see the largest in­crease in en­ergy de­mand of all sec­tors, with 75 per cent ex­pected growth re­spec­tively over the plan­ning pe­riod. The en­ergy de­mand in the trans­port, com­merce and gov­ern­ment ser­vices sec­tors is pro­jected to grow by 48 per cent and 22 per cent re­spec­tively over the plan­ning pe­riod. The de­mand for oil prod­ucts ex­pe­ri­ences strong growth of around 50 per cent by 2034, with 95 per cent of this growth coming from the trans­port sec­tor. Coal has a rel­a­tively con­stant share of to­tal en­ergy de­mand at around five per cent from 2014 to 2034, and re­mains con­cen­trated in the su­gar and com­merce and gov­ern­ment ser­vices sec­tors. Elec­tric­ity de­mand more than dou­bles, from 1 270 GWh in 2014 to 2 648 GWh (9.5 PJ) in 2034. Other in­dus­try (ex­clud­ing su­gar but in­clud­ing, e. g., man­u­fac­tur­ing, con­struc­tion, food and to­bacco) is cur­rently the fourth largest end-user of elec­tric­ity and its de­mand is ex­pected to grow to 80 per cent by 2034, when in­dus­try con­trib­utes around 15 per cent of elec­tric­ity de­mand. This in­crease is due to eco­nomic growth that boosts en­ergy de­mand, but is partly bal­anced off by more ef­fi­cient en­ergy use by in­dus­tries over time, which con­strains their growth in en­ergy de­mand. Res­i­den­tial elec­tric­ity de­mand in­creases from 1.2 PJ in 2014 to 3.7 PJ in 2034; it con­trib­utes the largest sec­tor share of to­tal elec­tric­ity de­mand by 2034.

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