MIND THAT ER­ROR

Sunday Observer - - FEATURES - ADIDI UYO

As a way of pay­ing trib­ute to a great man, let me be­gin our re­view to­day by say­ing that on May 11, 2017, long be­fore the per­son with the nick­name passed on, a commentary in the Times of Swazi­land had the ti­tle, ‘CISHA LO­GESI’ MANTRA.

Be­lieve me, it is only by the grace of God that a man can live up to 93 years! May your soul rest in peace, Hon­ourable TV Mtetwa!

The sec­ond sen­tence of the third para­graph of the afore­men­tioned ar­ti­cle reads, thus: “This sec­tion (Sec­tion 24 of the Swazi Con­sti­tu­tion) pro­vides that every per­son has free­dom of hav­ing or form­ing an opinion and to ar­tic­u­late his or her views in a man­ner he or she feels com­fort­able in.” Can you see why this sen­tence is fod­der for our re­view? Well, here it - the prob­lem, in cap­i­tal let­ters: “free­dom of hav­ing or form­ing an opinion and TO AR­TIC­U­LATE his or her views.”

As you can see, the two el­e­ments that are joined by the co­or­di­nat­ing con­junc­tion, “and,” are not equal, not bal­anced, not par­al­lel. Be­fore the con­junc­tion, we have two par­tici­ples, “hav­ing” and “form­ing.” But see what we have af­ter it, the in­fini­tive, “to ar­tic­u­late.”

We need to make the sec­ond part of the equa­tion, so to say, equal to the first part by re­vis­ing the sen­tence, thus: “This sec­tion pro­vides that every per­son has free­dom of HAV­ING or FORM­ING an opinion and of AR­TIC­U­LAT­ING his or her views in a man­ner he or she feels com­fort­able in.” To be sure, the bal­anc­ing may also be done the other way round, that is, by align­ing the first of the two re­lated el­e­ments to the sec­ond. This means that we have to change the two par­tici­ples to in­fini­tive verbs, thus:“This sec­tion pro­vides that every per­son has free­dom TO HAVE or FORM an opinion and TO AR­TIC­U­LATE his or her views in a man­ner he or she feels com­fort­able in.”

“ANC MPs want SABC chair­man’s head to roll” is the head­line of a news story in the Sun­day Times of Oc­to­ber 24, 2010. The sec­ond para­graph of the story reads, thus: “The Sun­day Times has learnt that ANC MPs serv­ing on par­lia­ment’s com­mu­ni­ca­tions port­fo­lio com­mit­tee are mo­bil­is­ing for Ngubane’s de­par­ture – ei­ther vol­un­tar­ily or by force.”

No way! I meant to say, that’s a faulty par­al­lel­ism. You

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