MIND THAT ERROR
As a way of paying tribute to a great man, let me begin our review today by saying that on May 11, 2017, long before the person with the nickname passed on, a commentary in the Times of Swaziland had the title, ‘CISHA LOGESI’ MANTRA.
Believe me, it is only by the grace of God that a man can live up to 93 years! May your soul rest in peace, Honourable TV Mtetwa!
The second sentence of the third paragraph of the aforementioned article reads, thus: “This section (Section 24 of the Swazi Constitution) provides that every person has freedom of having or forming an opinion and to articulate his or her views in a manner he or she feels comfortable in.” Can you see why this sentence is fodder for our review? Well, here it - the problem, in capital letters: “freedom of having or forming an opinion and TO ARTICULATE his or her views.”
As you can see, the two elements that are joined by the coordinating conjunction, “and,” are not equal, not balanced, not parallel. Before the conjunction, we have two participles, “having” and “forming.” But see what we have after it, the infinitive, “to articulate.”
We need to make the second part of the equation, so to say, equal to the first part by revising the sentence, thus: “This section provides that every person has freedom of HAVING or FORMING an opinion and of ARTICULATING his or her views in a manner he or she feels comfortable in.” To be sure, the balancing may also be done the other way round, that is, by aligning the first of the two related elements to the second. This means that we have to change the two participles to infinitive verbs, thus:“This section provides that every person has freedom TO HAVE or FORM an opinion and TO ARTICULATE his or her views in a manner he or she feels comfortable in.”
“ANC MPs want SABC chairman’s head to roll” is the headline of a news story in the Sunday Times of October 24, 2010. The second paragraph of the story reads, thus: “The Sunday Times has learnt that ANC MPs serving on parliament’s communications portfolio committee are mobilising for Ngubane’s departure – either voluntarily or by force.”
No way! I meant to say, that’s a faulty parallelism. You