Dairy

Sunday Observer - - NEWS -

The age of cat­tle farm­ers rear­ing large num­bers is slowly com­ing to an end as the role of ru­mi­nants in green house gasses gets high­lighted.

Speak­ing of re­source­ful ini­tia­tives that stand out in the at­tempts to get clear and ac­count­able emis­sion re­duc­tion tar­gets, the prime min­is­ter said there were many re­source­ful ini­tia­tives, pro­grammes and tech­no­log­i­cal de­vel­op­ment and re­search un­der­way.

He said some of those that stand out in­clude meat and dairy prod­ucts pro­duced from plants.

“The meth­ane from cat­tle emis­sions pro­duces a great deal of green­house gas,” he said adding that re­duc­ing cat­tle num­bers may not sound ap­peal­ing to coun­tries like Swazi­land where cat­tle count for more than the meat that can be put on the ta­ble.

He said the cur­rent at­tempts to pro­duce plant based re­place­ments for prod­ucts from cat­tle would not only be en­vi­ron­men­tally friendly but health­ier in the diet. “How­ever the new prod­ucts would have to taste as good as the tra­di­tional ones and not be more ex­pen­sive,” he said.

Emis­sions

He said coun­tries were at­tempt­ing to reach tar­gets of re­new­able en­ergy sup­plies as pro­duc­tion costs for so­lar pan­els and wind tur­bines plunged by 90 per cent in the past decade.

“Some­thing like 65 per cent of new power in 2016 was re­new­able. One coun­try re­ported be­ing on tar­get to have con­verted en­tirely to re­new­able en­ergy by 2020,” he said. With in­di­ca­tions that fuel cars are soon go­ing to be a thing of the past, Dlamini said they were, dur­ing the du­ra­tion of the meet­ings in Bonn, driven around only in elec­tric pow­ered cars.

“If the present rate of growth in that in­dus­try is sus­tained, then by 2030, 80 per cent of all new cars will be elec­tri­cal. That will have a very sig­nif­i­cant ef­fect on the global car­bon foot­print es­pe­cially if bat­tery tech­nol­ogy cont i nues at t he present rate of im­prove­ment,” he said.

He said it was un­for­tu­nate that re-foresta­tion was miss­ing from the list, and was the big­gest mega­trend not yet point­ing in the right di­rec­tion. “Glob­ally, an­nual tree losses have dou­bled since 2000. Iron­i­cally, plant­ing new trees and stop­ping de­for­esta­tion is among the cheap­est and fastest ways of c ut t i ng c a r bon e missi ons. Un­for­tu­nately it at­tracts rel­a­tively l i ttle money,” he said. Con­cern­ing the tar­get for the world to limit in­crease in global tem­per­a­tures by two de­grees cel­suis, the premier said his speech in Bonn ac­knowl­edged the com­mend­able achieve­ment of 197 c oun­tri e s s i g ni ng t he Pari s Agree­ment.

“But I also re­minded our fel­low states of the need to ex­am­ine crit­i­cally their own com­mit-

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