The age of cattle farmers rearing large numbers is slowly coming to an end as the role of ruminants in green house gasses gets highlighted.
Speaking of resourceful initiatives that stand out in the attempts to get clear and accountable emission reduction targets, the prime minister said there were many resourceful initiatives, programmes and technological development and research underway.
He said some of those that stand out include meat and dairy products produced from plants.
“The methane from cattle emissions produces a great deal of greenhouse gas,” he said adding that reducing cattle numbers may not sound appealing to countries like Swaziland where cattle count for more than the meat that can be put on the table.
He said the current attempts to produce plant based replacements for products from cattle would not only be environmentally friendly but healthier in the diet. “However the new products would have to taste as good as the traditional ones and not be more expensive,” he said.
He said countries were attempting to reach targets of renewable energy supplies as production costs for solar panels and wind turbines plunged by 90 per cent in the past decade.
“Something like 65 per cent of new power in 2016 was renewable. One country reported being on target to have converted entirely to renewable energy by 2020,” he said. With indications that fuel cars are soon going to be a thing of the past, Dlamini said they were, during the duration of the meetings in Bonn, driven around only in electric powered cars.
“If the present rate of growth in that industry is sustained, then by 2030, 80 per cent of all new cars will be electrical. That will have a very significant effect on the global carbon footprint especially if battery technology cont i nues at t he present rate of improvement,” he said.
He said it was unfortunate that re-forestation was missing from the list, and was the biggest megatrend not yet pointing in the right direction. “Globally, annual tree losses have doubled since 2000. Ironically, planting new trees and stopping deforestation is among the cheapest and fastest ways of c ut t i ng c a r bon e missi ons. Unfortunately it attracts relatively l i ttle money,” he said. Concerning the target for the world to limit increase in global temperatures by two degrees celsuis, the premier said his speech in Bonn acknowledged the commendable achievement of 197 c ountri e s s i g ni ng t he Pari s Agreement.
“But I also reminded our fellow states of the need to examine critically their own commit-