FDI into mainland China accelerates in March: gov’t
Foreign direct investment into China picked up in March, official figures showed Thursday, though outbound investment from the world’s second-largest economy slowed sharply.
FDI rose 2.2 percent year-onyear last month to US$12.4 billion, the commerce ministry said, an acceleration from February’s 0.9 percent gain.
“Investment from major countries and regions in China was generally stable,” the ministry said in a statement.
For the first three months of 2015, FDI gained 11.3 percent to US$34.88 billion, the figures showed.
Overseas direct investment (ODI) increased 0.4 percent in March year-on-year to US$8.39 billion, while for the first quarter it jumped 29.6 percent to US$25.79 billion.
Both ODI and FDI exclude financial sectors.
China drew a total of US$119.6 billion of FDI in 2014, while ODI surged to US$102.9 billion, passing the US$100 billion mark for the first time as Chinese companies seek opportunities abroad with economic growth slowing at home.
China’s economy expanded 7.4 percent last year, the slowest since 1990, as authorities manage a makeover of the country’s growth model they hope will place consumer demand at centre stage as opposed to big ticket investment projects.
The government said Wednesday the slowdown continued into this year as the economy expand- ed 7.0 percent in January-March, the worst quarterly result for six years.
The three-month increase in FDI was driven by a 30.5 percent year-on-year increase in investment from the European Union to US$2.02 billion.
Investment from Britain and France each rose to US$370 million, for gains of 40.0 percent and 258.7 percent respectively.
Investment from Saudi Arabia surged nearly 800 percent to US$240 million, the ministry said, without giving an explanation.
Investment from Japan, with which China is in a bitter dispute over territory and wartime history, fell 12.3 percent to US$1.06 billion, the figures showed.
FDI from the United States dropped 40.4 percent to US$620 million, while that from the ASEAN group of Southeast Asian countries fell 31.2 percent to US$1.35 billion.
Decline in China’s Investment
China’s appeal as an investment destination has been declining in recent years owing to rising labor and land costs and competition from Southeast Asian countries such as Vietnam.
Foreign investors have also complained of issues such as China’s chronic air pollution as well as official campaigns and investigations into their business practices.
Chinese first- quarter investment to the EU surged more than eight-fold to US$3.54 billion, the ministry said, attributing the gain mainly to a US$2.89 billion investment by state-owned oil giant China National Petroleum Corporation in the Netherlands, which was included in the February figures announced last month.
It said Chinese investment to ASEAN, Hong Kong, the U.S. and Russia all gained, increasing 51.4 percent, 44.4 percent, 37.4 percent and 14.3 percent , respectively. The ministry did not provide totals.
Investment to Australia fell 66.3 percent, while that to Japan declined 16.7 percent, it said.
China has been actively acquiring foreign assets, particularly energy and resources, to power its economy, with firms encouraged to make overseas acquisitions to gain market access and international experience.