US health au­thor­i­ties claim teen E-cig­a­rette use triples

The China Post - - LIFE -

Some two mil­lion U. S. high school stu­dents tried e-cig­a­rettes last year, a rate that tripled in just one year, U.S. health au­thor­i­ties said Thurs­day.

The 2014 sur­vey by the U.S. Cen­ters for Dis­ease Con­trol and Pre­ven­tion found that 13.4 per­cent of high school stu­dents said they had smoked an e-cig­a­rette in the past month, up from 4.5 per­cent from 2013.

In mid­dle school, some 3.9 per­cent of kids (about 450,000 stu­dents) said they had tried vap­ing in the past month ac­cord­ing to the 2014 find­ings, up from 1.1 per­cent in 2013.

E-cig­a­rettes are bat­tery pow­ered cylin­ders that heat a nicotinecon­tain­ing liq­uid into a va­por that is in­haled, much like a con­ven­tion- al cig­a­rette but with­out the flame.

Some health ex­perts are con­cerned about the ris­ing pop­u­lar­ity of the de­vices, which are un­reg­u­lated in the mar­ket­place and con­tain liq­uid nico­tine car­tridges that are fla­vored like candy and fruit.

‘Nico­tine is danger­ous for kids

at any age’

“We want par­ents to know that nico­tine is danger­ous for kids at any age, whether it’s an e-cig­a­rette, hookah, cig­a­rette or cigar,” said CDC direc­tor Tom Frieden.

“Ado­les­cence is a crit­i­cal time for brain devel­op­ment. Nico­tine ex­po­sure at a young age may cause last­ing harm to brain devel­op­ment, pro­mote ad­dic­tion, and lead to sus­tained tobacco use.”

The re­port marked the first time since 2011 — when re­searchers started col­lect­ing data on e-cig­a­rettes — that “cur­rent e-cig­a­rette use has sur­passed cur­rent use of ev­ery other tobacco prod­uct over­all, in­clud­ing con­ven­tional cig­a­rettes.”

It also found hookah use had nearly dou­bled in a year’s time, go­ing from 5.2 per­cent in 2013 (about 770,000 high school stu­dents) to 9.4 per­cent in 2014 (about 1.3 mil­lion stu­dents).

Mean­while, there was no decline in over­all tobacco use among mid­dle or high school stu­dents.

A sep­a­rate study out Thurs­day by the Uni­ver­sity of Cal­i­for­nia, San Diego, fol­lowed 1,000 adult smok­ers for one year, and found that e-cig­a­rette users were less likely to cut down on tra­di­tional cig­a­rettes than tobacco smok­ers who did not use the bat­tery-pow­ered de­vices.

“Smok­ers who used e-cig­a­rettes were 49 per­cent less likely to de­crease cig­a­rette use and 59 per­cent less likely to quit smok­ing com­pared to smok­ers who never used e-cig­a­rettes,” said the study in the Amer­i­can Jour­nal of Public Health.

“Based on the idea that smok­ers use e-cig­a­rettes to quit smok­ing, we hy­poth­e­sized that smok­ers who used th­ese prod­ucts would be more suc­cess­ful in quit­ting,” said study au­thor Wael Al-De­laimy, pro­fes­sor and chief of the Di­vi­sion of Global Public Health at UC San Diego.

“But the re­search re­vealed the con­trary. We need fur­ther stud­ies to an­swer why they can­not quit. One hy­poth­e­sis is that smok­ers are re­ceiv­ing an in­crease in nico­tine dose by us­ing e-cig­a­rettes.”

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