Leaders visit navy ship after migrant boat disaster
U.N. chief Ban Ki-moon said the Mediterranean had become “a sea of tears” as he joined Italian prime minister Matteo Renzi and EU foreign minister Federica Mogherini aboard a navy ship Monday to highlight the plight of migrants risking their lives to reach Europe.
The symbolic visit to Italy’s San Giusto vessel off the coast of Sicily came just over a week after more than 750 people drowned in the Mediterranean’s worst migrant shipwreck yet, amid a recent spike in the number of people attempting the perilous crossing from north Africa.
The Mediterranean “has sadly become a sea of tears, a sea of misery,” United Nations SecretaryGeneral Ban Ki-moon said aboard the ship, praising Italy’s maritime search and rescue efforts
“I think it seems to be the worst humanitarian crisis since the Second World War. So many thousands of people have lost their lives in their pursuit for a better future,” Ban said according to remarks sent to the media by the U.N.
“Not a single country — like Italy — can bear all this responsibility,” he added.
Spurred into action by last Sunday’s massive shipwreck, European Union leaders have pledged to triple funding for the bloc’s maritime surveillance operation.
Brussels also wants U.N. approval for an EU military operation against the people smugglers in Libya who organize the hazardous crossings, often on overcrowded, rickety boats.
“Stopping the human traffickers to prevent a humanitarian catastrophe is an absolute priority for which we continue to have the support of the United Nations,” Italian premier Renzi was quoted as saying by Ansa news agency upon his return to shore.
Monday’s high-level gathering at sea was billed by the EU as a show of “solidarity” with those affected by the migrant crisis.
It came ahead of a series of meet- ings planned by Mogherini this week to win support for “a common effort to address the issue of migration,” the EU said in a statement at the weekend.
The U.N. chief appeared to confirm that stance Monday when he said it was important to tackle the “root causes” of why people are leaving their countries in the first place.
“We also have to find (a) political solution, on the ground, particularly in Libya,” he said, adding that he was counting on the European Union’s “continuing leadership .”
Mogherini on Sunday said it would not be easy for the EU to secure a U.N. mandate, or the approval of the Libyan authorities, which have not yet formed a unity government.
More than 1,750 migrants have died in shipwrecks this year — 30 times more than the same period in 2014.
Many of these people are smuggled in on boats from Libya, which has long been a transit country for African migrants.
People fleeing violence in the Middle East, especially in Syria, are also using Libya as a transit country.
On Monday, an Italian navy ship reached the southern port of Taranto with 274 migrants on board after they were rescued at sea.
Rights groups have repeatedly warned that migrants are aware of the deadly risks involved in traveling across the Mediterranean on rickety boats, but that their desperation to flee war and poverty pushes them to make the journey anyway.
In this photo provided by the Italian premier’s office, Italian Navy Rear Adm. Pierpaolo Ribuffo, left, speaks with United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, center, Italian premier Matteo Renzi, right, and European Union foreign minister Federica Mogherini, second right, during a visit to the Italian Navy ship San Giusto, as it sails off the Sicilian coast in the Mediterranean Sea on Monday, April 27.