Museums unite to help spot stolen Iraqi antiquities
Museum experts from around the world on Monday issued an “emergency red list” to help authorities identify Iraqi antiquities at risk of being looted and illegally exported as the country battles a surge in jihadist violence.
The list from the Paris-based International Council of Museums (ICOM) highlights objects that are popular on the black market such as sculptures, stone tablets, vases and coins, and tells customs and police officers how to spot stolen ancient treasures.
“In recent months we have witnessed massacres of minorities in Syria and Iraq but also the destruction of priceless works of cultural heritage,” the head of Paris’s famed Louvre Museum, Jean-Luc Martinez, said at a press conference presenting the new list.
“These are two parts of the same strategy that has been described as ‘cultural cleansing’ which seeks to erase entire segments of human history,” he added.
Items on the list range from millenniaold Mesopotamian goods to 19th-century artifacts from the reign of the Ottomans.
ICOM’s president Hans-Martin Hinz said that since 2000 the organization has published red lists for over 25 nations.
“It is a solution with proven results,” he said, adding that art dealers should “stop buying objects that come from Syria and Iraq.”