Turkish opposition likely to demand limits on Erdogan’s future role
Opposition parties are likely to demand limits on President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s role in Turkey’s next government, complicating coalition talks as the ruling party sought ways Tuesday to remain in power.
Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu was to meet with Erdogan later Tuesday after their Justice and Development Party, or AKP, lost its parliamentary majority in Sunday’s vote. It won less than 41 percent of the votes, getting 258 seats in the 550-seat parliament, 18 seats short of the minimum required to rule alone.
It was not clear if Davutoglu would submit his resignation, in line with political custom. In that event, Erdogan would ask Davutoglu to remain in office until a new government is formed. Davutoglu’s status remains uncertain after the humiliating setback for the party.
Erdogan has been a dominant and divisive figure as he fiercely campaigned in favor of the AKP, flouting a constitutional rule that required him to be neutral. He had hoped that the party, which he founded in 2001, would win a supermajority so it could reshape Turkey’s democracy into a presidential system where he would wield control over government affairs.
The AKP now faces difficult negotiations to coax the right-wing Nationalists into the next government or, less likely, the main secularist Republican People’s Party or the pro-Kurdish People’s Democratic Party. If no deal is reached on a coalition, a fragile minority government and early elections loom.
Analysts say opposition parties are expected to demand that Erdogan stays within the constitutional boundaries of the largely ceremonial presidency and that the AKP abandon plans for a switch to a presidential system. It’s not known if Erdogan, who needs to approve any new government, would sign off on such a deal.
On Tuesday, the pro-Kurdish party that upset Erdogan’s ambitions by winning 80 seats in parliament again vowed not to enter in a coalition agreement with the AKP.
AKP deputy leader Yasin Aktay said, however, his party was not ruling out any coalition combinations.
“There is no need for gloom,” Aktay said. “We will do all that is necessary to form a coalition and not leave the country without a government.”
Erdogan, who dominated airwaves throughout the campaign, has hardly been seen in public since the election upset. A humorous clock on the Internet keeps tabs on the days, hours, minutes and seconds he has not appeared on airwaves.
A supporter of the pro-Kurdish Peoples’ Democratic Party, (HDP) flashes a “V” as others wave flags of imprisoned Kurdish rebel leader Abdullah Ocalan, during a rally in Istanbul, Turkey on Monday, June 8, a day after the elections. The biggest change from Turkey’s previous parliament is the ascendancy of the People’s Democratic Party, a socially liberal force rooted in the Kurdish nationalism of Turkey’s southeast. It attracted more than 12 percent of votes, breaching the minimum threshold of 10 percent. Turkey’s President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s longruling Justice and Development Party(AKP), has suffered surprisingly strong losses in parliament that will force it to seek a coalition partner for the next government.