Victory over Ja­pan led to free­dom, in­de­pen­dence for China: Hau

The China Post - - LOCAL -

The Repub­lic of China’s victory over Ja­pan in the Sec­ond Si­noJa­panese War helped Tai­wan re­turn to the moth­er­land and that is why the R.O.C. on Tai­wan to­day can en­joy democ­racy and pros­per­ity, ac­cord­ing to for­mer Pre­mier Hau Pei-tsun ( ).

Hau was a for­mer sol­dier who fought in the eight-year Sec­ond Sino- Ja­panese War, the Chi­nese Civil War (1927-1950), and the 823 Ar­tillery Bom­bard­ment against Kin­men in 1958 af­ter the ROC gov­ern­ment re­treated to Tai­wan in 1949.

In his 2011 book ti­tled "Hau Pei-tsun's Com­ments on Chi­ang Kai-shek's Di­aries," the for­mer pre­mier an­a­lyzed the fac­tors that con­trib­uted to the Kuom­intang's (KMT) loss of main­land China in the civil war.

He said the KMT was de­feated in the civil war be­cause of its lack of grass­roots sup­port and Chi­ang's fail­ure to re­flect on why the party had lost po­lit­i­cal ground to the com­mu­nists af­ter the Eight-Year Re­sis­tance War against the Ja­panese.

Nonethe­less, Hau wrote, Chi­ang must be highly com­mended for lead­ing the R.O.C. to victory over Ja­pan in the eight-year war, thus bring­ing free­dom and peace to the Chi­nese peo­ple.

Af­ter the R. O. C. gov­ern­ment re­treated to Tai­wan with large amounts of na­tional trea­sure and gold in 1949, Chi­ang did his ut­most to safe­guard the coun­try, Hau said in the book.

Chi­ang was truly a pa­tri­otic Chi­nese na­tion­al­ist who never gave up, even in un­fa­vor­able cir­cum­stances, Hau wrote.

At the book launch in 2011, Hau lamented the fact that when the R.O.C. gov­ern­ment re­treated to Tai­wan in 1949, Chi­ang's im­age plunged from that of a lib­er­a­tor of the Chi­nese peo­ple in 1945 to that of a public en­emy in main­land China.

Against such a back­drop, the truth be­hind the Eight-Year War of Re­sis­tance against Ja­pan has been buried, Hau said. In Tai­wan, Chi­ang's im­age as a pro­tec­tor of the peo­ple was de­graded to that of a vil­lain upon the bur­geon­ing of Tai­wanese democ­racy in the late 1980s, largely as a re­sult of his part in the 228 In­ci­dent of 1947, Hau said.

Liu Wei-kai ( ), a pro­fes­sor at the Depart­ment of His­tory at Na­tional Chengchi Uni­ver­sity, said at a re­cent event that the pub­li­ca­tion of Chi­ang's di­aries of­fered some in­sights into his in­ter­nal con­flicts dur­ing the eight-year war against Ja­pan.

Liu read out parts of Chi­ang's dairies at the event, which was held at Shih Shin Uni­ver­sity to mark the 70th an­niver­sary of the end of World War II.

Chi­ang's di­aries re­vealed that he was deeply dis­ap­pointed over what he saw as the in­ter­na­tional com­mu­nity's cool and slow re­sponse to China's need for as­sis­tance af­ter the Sec­ond Sino-Ja­panese War broke out, but he was en­cour­aged by the Chi­nese peo­ple's strength and re­silience in the fight against the Ja­panese, Liu said.

That the ROC fought Ja­pan as a sovereign state dur­ing the Sec­ond Sino-Ja­panese War is an in­dis­putable truth that is writ­ten in main­stream his­tory, Liu con­tended.

But af­ter the estab­lish­ment of the Peo­ple's Repub­lic of China in main­land China in 1949 (af­ter the R.O.C. re­treated to Tai­wan ear­lier that same year), the Chi­nese com­mu­nists have failed to ad­dress this part of his­tory ap­pro­pri­ately, he said.

How­ever, ev­i­dence col­lected from his­tor­i­cal records and doc­u­ments have fully demon­strated that it was the KMT-led R.O.C. gov­ern­ment that fought the EightYear War of Re­sis­tance against Ja­pan, he noted, adding that the unyield­ing re­solve Chi­ang showed dur­ing the war is very re­mark­able.

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