Victory over Japan led to freedom, independence for China: Hau
The Republic of China’s victory over Japan in the Second SinoJapanese War helped Taiwan return to the motherland and that is why the R.O.C. on Taiwan today can enjoy democracy and prosperity, according to former Premier Hau Pei-tsun ( ).
Hau was a former soldier who fought in the eight-year Second Sino- Japanese War, the Chinese Civil War (1927-1950), and the 823 Artillery Bombardment against Kinmen in 1958 after the ROC government retreated to Taiwan in 1949.
In his 2011 book titled "Hau Pei-tsun's Comments on Chiang Kai-shek's Diaries," the former premier analyzed the factors that contributed to the Kuomintang's (KMT) loss of mainland China in the civil war.
He said the KMT was defeated in the civil war because of its lack of grassroots support and Chiang's failure to reflect on why the party had lost political ground to the communists after the Eight-Year Resistance War against the Japanese.
Nonetheless, Hau wrote, Chiang must be highly commended for leading the R.O.C. to victory over Japan in the eight-year war, thus bringing freedom and peace to the Chinese people.
After the R. O. C. government retreated to Taiwan with large amounts of national treasure and gold in 1949, Chiang did his utmost to safeguard the country, Hau said in the book.
Chiang was truly a patriotic Chinese nationalist who never gave up, even in unfavorable circumstances, Hau wrote.
At the book launch in 2011, Hau lamented the fact that when the R.O.C. government retreated to Taiwan in 1949, Chiang's image plunged from that of a liberator of the Chinese people in 1945 to that of a public enemy in mainland China.
Against such a backdrop, the truth behind the Eight-Year War of Resistance against Japan has been buried, Hau said. In Taiwan, Chiang's image as a protector of the people was degraded to that of a villain upon the burgeoning of Taiwanese democracy in the late 1980s, largely as a result of his part in the 228 Incident of 1947, Hau said.
Liu Wei-kai ( ), a professor at the Department of History at National Chengchi University, said at a recent event that the publication of Chiang's diaries offered some insights into his internal conflicts during the eight-year war against Japan.
Liu read out parts of Chiang's dairies at the event, which was held at Shih Shin University to mark the 70th anniversary of the end of World War II.
Chiang's diaries revealed that he was deeply disappointed over what he saw as the international community's cool and slow response to China's need for assistance after the Second Sino-Japanese War broke out, but he was encouraged by the Chinese people's strength and resilience in the fight against the Japanese, Liu said.
That the ROC fought Japan as a sovereign state during the Second Sino-Japanese War is an indisputable truth that is written in mainstream history, Liu contended.
But after the establishment of the People's Republic of China in mainland China in 1949 (after the R.O.C. retreated to Taiwan earlier that same year), the Chinese communists have failed to address this part of history appropriately, he said.
However, evidence collected from historical records and documents have fully demonstrated that it was the KMT-led R.O.C. government that fought the EightYear War of Resistance against Japan, he noted, adding that the unyielding resolve Chiang showed during the war is very remarkable.