IEA warns of 4.3C temperature jump from climate change
The International Energy Agency on Monday warned temperatures could jump by as much as 4.3 degrees Celsius by the end of the century and urged countries to improve their pledges on reducing emissions.
In a report ahead of a climate change conference in Paris this year, the IEA said more should be done to reach the goal of keeping the increase in average global temperature below 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit).
Current pledges “will have a positive impact on future energy trends but will fall short of the major course correction required to meet the 2 Celsius goal,” said the report, which was presented in London.
Instead it estimated there would be an average temperature increase globally of around 2.6 Celsius by 2100 and said the rise could be higher at 4.3 Celsius for countries in the northern hemisphere. “The energy sector must play critical role if efforts to reduce
a emissions are to succeed. Energy production and use accounts for two thirds of the world greenhouse gas emissions,” the IEA’s executive director Maria van der Hoeven said.
The agency’s chief economist Fatih Birol said extreme weather events would become “much more frequent” as a result, with Africa particularly badly affected despite only minimally contributing to the problem.
Van der Hoeven stressed that “time is of the essence,” noting that “the cost and difficulty of mitigating greenhouse-gas emissions increase every year.”
While there is “growing consensus among countries that it is time to act,” strong vigilance is required to ensure that the pledges are adequate and that commitments are kept, she added.
The IEA suggested five key measures to ensure that global energyrelated emissions peak already in 2020.
call for improved energy efficiency in key industrial sectors, reducing the use of inefficient coal-fired power plants, increased investment in renewable energy technologies, a gradual phasing out of fossil-fuel subsidies and a reduction in methane emissions in oil and gas production.
“This major climate milestone is possible utilizing only proven technologies and policies and without changing the economic and development prospects of any region,” the IEA said.