Re­call 2nd Sino-Ja­pan war to pro­mote peace: Ma

The China Post - - LOCAL -

Pres­i­dent Ma Ying-jeou vis­ited Kaoh­si­ung Vet­er­ans Home and had lunch with vet­er­ans on Fri­day, the eve of the Dragon Boat Fes­ti­val.

Many vet­er­ans liv­ing at the home wit­nessed the Sec­ond Sino- Ja­panese War ( 1937- 1945), said Ma, ahead of a se­ries of events be­ing held by the gov­ern­ment to com­mem­o­rate the 70th an­niver­sary of the end of the war from July 4 to Oct. 25.

The com­mem­o­ra­tive events are in­tended to con­demn Ja­panese ag­gres­sion and to pro­mote peace, Ma said.

Ma said the gov­ern­ment signed a fish­ery pact with Ja­pan in April of 2013, which set­tled to some ex­tent a long sim­mer­ing fish­ing con­tro­versy in the East China Sea near the Diaoyu­tai Is­lands (called the Senkaku Is­lands by Ja­pan).

Ma said Ja­pan’s ag­gres­sion against China could be traced to the first Sino-Ja­panese War in 1894 and the treaty of Shi­monoseki, an agree­ment that handed Tai­wan and Penghu to Ja­pan, in 1895.

Ja­panese troops in North China staged the Marco Polo Bridge In­ci­dent in July 7, 1937, thus start­ing the eight-year war in China, Ma said.

Dur­ing the eight years from July 1937 to Au­gust 1945, there were 22 ma­jor bat­tles, over 1,000 en­gage­ments and more than 38,000 skir­mishes.

More than 3.2 mil­lion Chi­nese sol­diers and some 20 mil­lion civil­ians were killed, wounded or miss­ing dur­ing the con­flict.

The Re­pub­lic of China gov­ern­ment moved from Nan­jing to Taipei in 1949, the year the Peo­ple’s Re­pub­lic of China was es­tab­lished.

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