Documentary to commemorate war against Japan
Academia Historica, the top organization in Taiwan responsible for recording the country’s history, will release a documentary on Aug. 15 to mark the 70th anniversary of the end of the Second SinoJapanese War and World War II.
The documentary covers Japan’s surrender to the allied forces on Sept. 2, 1945 and its surrender to the Republic of China at a separate ceremony in Nanjing on Sept. 9, Academia Historica said Sunday. It also includes a ceremony in Taipei on Oct. 25 in which Japan returned Taiwan to the Republic of China government following the end of the war, commonly known in Chinese as the eightyear (1937-1945) war of resistance against Japan.
The film documents the back- ground, planning, execution and significance of the three ceremonies and includes interviews with scholars, as well as people who witnessed the ceremonies, according to Academia Historica.
The documentary will be screened at Academia Historica in Taipei on Aug. 15.
Academia Historica Director Lu Fang-shang said in an interview with CNA that the Communist government had completely denied the wartime efforts of the Nationalist government, even if figures show that of the 22 major decisive battles during the war, the Chinese Communists participated in few of them.
Only one high-ranking military official from Communist forces died fighting the Japanese, but 268 senior officials from the Nationalist side died in the war, meaning that the Nationalists were the main forces fighting the Japanese, he said.
Scholars in China, however, now have a more comprehensive understanding of the Nationalist government’s contribution to the war with Taiwan’s release of more wartime documents in recent years, Lu said.
For example, in the past the Communist government has stigmatized the Sino- American Special Technical Cooperative Organization — an organization created during the war to share intelligence between China and the United States, he said. But two years ago Academia Historica assisted in disclosing some of the data about the organization, and that helped the Chinese public gain a more balanced view of the organization, Lu said.