Doc­u­men­tary to com­mem­o­rate war against Ja­pan

The China Post - - LOCAL -

Academia His­tor­ica, the top or­ga­ni­za­tion in Tai­wan re­spon­si­ble for record­ing the coun­try’s history, will re­lease a doc­u­men­tary on Aug. 15 to mark the 70th an­niver­sary of the end of the Sec­ond Si­noJa­panese War and World War II.

The doc­u­men­tary cov­ers Ja­pan’s sur­ren­der to the al­lied forces on Sept. 2, 1945 and its sur­ren­der to the Re­pub­lic of China at a sep­a­rate cer­e­mony in Nan­jing on Sept. 9, Academia His­tor­ica said Sun­day. It also in­cludes a cer­e­mony in Taipei on Oct. 25 in which Ja­pan re­turned Tai­wan to the Re­pub­lic of China gov­ern­ment fol­low­ing the end of the war, com­monly known in Chi­nese as the eightyear (1937-1945) war of re­sis­tance against Ja­pan.

The film doc­u­ments the back- ground, plan­ning, ex­e­cu­tion and sig­nif­i­cance of the three cer­e­monies and in­cludes in­ter­views with scholars, as well as peo­ple who wit­nessed the cer­e­monies, ac­cord­ing to Academia His­tor­ica.

The doc­u­men­tary will be screened at Academia His­tor­ica in Taipei on Aug. 15.

Academia His­tor­ica Di­rec­tor Lu Fang-shang said in an in­ter­view with CNA that the Com­mu­nist gov­ern­ment had com­pletely de­nied the wartime ef­forts of the Na­tion­al­ist gov­ern­ment, even if fig­ures show that of the 22 ma­jor decisive bat­tles dur­ing the war, the Chi­nese Com­mu­nists par­tic­i­pated in few of them.

Only one high-rank­ing mil­i­tary of­fi­cial from Com­mu­nist forces died fight­ing the Ja­panese, but 268 se­nior of­fi­cials from the Na­tion­al­ist side died in the war, mean­ing that the Na­tion­al­ists were the main forces fight­ing the Ja­panese, he said.

Scholars in China, how­ever, now have a more com­pre­hen­sive un­der­stand­ing of the Na­tion­al­ist gov­ern­ment’s con­tri­bu­tion to the war with Tai­wan’s re­lease of more wartime doc­u­ments in re­cent years, Lu said.

For ex­am­ple, in the past the Com­mu­nist gov­ern­ment has stig­ma­tized the Sino- Amer­i­can Spe­cial Tech­ni­cal Co­op­er­a­tive Or­ga­ni­za­tion — an or­ga­ni­za­tion cre­ated dur­ing the war to share in­tel­li­gence be­tween China and the United States, he said. But two years ago Academia His­tor­ica as­sisted in dis­clos­ing some of the data about the or­ga­ni­za­tion, and that helped the Chi­nese public gain a more bal­anced view of the or­ga­ni­za­tion, Lu said.

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