Historian disputes China claim on war against Japan
What the Chinese Communist Party ( CCP) described as their efforts in “the theater behind enemy lines” did little to help China’s War of Resistance against Japan, according to a war historian based in Taipei.
If the so-called theater behind enemy lines had been the focus of the war, as the CCP claims, the Japanese army would have been too busy fighting the communist forces to deal with China’s national army on the “front lines,” said Teng Hsin-yun, who specializes in WWII history.
Teng made the comments to dis- prove of China’s claim that it was the communists who led China’s war efforts against Japanese invasion.
The dichotomy of two theaters is something invented by the CCP in an attempt to play up the role of the communist forces during the war from 1937 to 1945, he said.
For example, the Japanese launched major offensives in 1944 as part of their efforts to secure lines of transportation without being hampered by the communists, said Teng.
He also cited the number of bombing raids carried out by the Japanese as an indication of who posed the greater resistance to the invaders.
During the eight-year War of Resistance, the CCP’s main stronghold in Yenan was bombed 17 times, compared with 218 raids targeted at Chungking, the wartime capital of the Nationalist government.
Finally, Teng said, the question of who actually led the War of Resistance can easily be answered by another question: to whom did the Japanese surrender?
The fact is that the Japanese forces in China were instructed by Tokyo to surrender to the Nationalist government instead of the communist forces even though the CCP now claims that its troops were responsible for “75 percent of the fighting,” said Teng.
Fighting actually erupted between Japanese forces in Qinzhou, Shanxi, and communist troops three days after Japan had announced its unconditional surrender on Aug. 15, 1945 because the Japanese units refused to surrender to Li Da, commander of the communist forces in the Taihang region.
In the end, Teng noted, those Japanese troops surrendered to Yen Hsi-shan, a National Army commander after repelling Li Da’s forces.