His­to­rian dis­putes China claim on war against Ja­pan

The China Post - - LOCAL -

What the Chi­nese Com­mu­nist Party ( CCP) de­scribed as their ef­forts in “the theater be­hind en­emy lines” did lit­tle to help China’s War of Re­sis­tance against Ja­pan, ac­cord­ing to a war his­to­rian based in Taipei.

If the so-called theater be­hind en­emy lines had been the fo­cus of the war, as the CCP claims, the Ja­panese army would have been too busy fight­ing the com­mu­nist forces to deal with China’s na­tional army on the “front lines,” said Teng Hsin-yun, who spe­cial­izes in WWII history.

Teng made the com­ments to dis- prove of China’s claim that it was the com­mu­nists who led China’s war ef­forts against Ja­panese in­va­sion.

The di­chotomy of two the­aters is some­thing in­vented by the CCP in an at­tempt to play up the role of the com­mu­nist forces dur­ing the war from 1937 to 1945, he said.

For ex­am­ple, the Ja­panese launched ma­jor of­fen­sives in 1944 as part of their ef­forts to se­cure lines of trans­porta­tion with­out be­ing ham­pered by the com­mu­nists, said Teng.

He also cited the num­ber of bomb­ing raids car­ried out by the Ja­panese as an in­di­ca­tion of who posed the greater re­sis­tance to the in­vaders.

Dur­ing the eight-year War of Re­sis­tance, the CCP’s main strong­hold in Ye­nan was bombed 17 times, com­pared with 218 raids tar­geted at Chungk­ing, the wartime cap­i­tal of the Na­tion­al­ist gov­ern­ment.

Fi­nally, Teng said, the ques­tion of who ac­tu­ally led the War of Re­sis­tance can easily be an­swered by another ques­tion: to whom did the Ja­panese sur­ren­der?

The fact is that the Ja­panese forces in China were in­structed by Tokyo to sur­ren­der to the Na­tion­al­ist gov­ern­ment in­stead of the com­mu­nist forces even though the CCP now claims that its troops were re­spon­si­ble for “75 per­cent of the fight­ing,” said Teng.

Fight­ing ac­tu­ally erupted be­tween Ja­panese forces in Qinzhou, Shanxi, and com­mu­nist troops three days af­ter Ja­pan had an­nounced its un­con­di­tional sur­ren­der on Aug. 15, 1945 be­cause the Ja­panese units re­fused to sur­ren­der to Li Da, com­man­der of the com­mu­nist forces in the Tai­hang re­gion.

In the end, Teng noted, those Ja­panese troops sur­ren­dered to Yen Hsi-shan, a Na­tional Army com­man­der af­ter re­pelling Li Da’s forces.

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