Na­ture has blessed Pak­istan with unique land­scapes: high moun­tains, plateau plains, deserts and al­lur­ing sunny beaches are found here. How­ever, more than 50 per­cent of its area is moun­tain­ous, par­tic­u­larly its north­ern and north-western re­gions, which pos­sess the most fas­ci­nat­ing moun­tains on Earth.

To pro­mote Pak­istan’s unique won­ders, the prime min­is­ter launched the “Visit Pak­istan” mar­ket­ing cam­paign in 2007. This cam­paign in­volved var­i­ous events through­out the year in­clud­ing fairs and re­li­gious fes­ti­vals, re­gional sport­ing events, var­i­ous arts and craft shows, folk fes­ti­vals and sev­eral open­ings of his­tor­i­cal mu­se­ums.

As a re­sult, the World Eco­nomic Fo­rum’s Travel & Tourism Com­pet­i­tive­ness Re­port in 2009 ranked Pak­istan in the top 25 per­cent of tourist des­ti­na­tions for its World Her­itage sites rang­ing from man­groves in the south, to the 5,000-year-old cities of the In­dus Val­ley Civ­i­liza­tion which in­clude Mo­henjo-daro and Harappa.

The coun­try was in­deed at the cen­ter of var­i­ous re­li­gions and set­tle­ments long be­fore the cre­ation of the na­tion that ex­ists to­day. Cur­rently, Paki- stan has six ma­jor cul­tural sites that are cat­e­go­rized as UNESCO World Her­itage Sites, in­clud­ing the ar­chae­o­log­i­cal ru­ins of Mo­henjo-daro of the In­dus Val­ley Civ­i­liza­tion, the first-cen­tury Bud­dhist ru­ins at Takht-i-Bahi and neigh­bor­ing city re­main at Sahr-i-Bahlol, the ru­ins of Tax­ila from the Gand­hara Civ­i­liza­tion, the La­hore Fort and Shal­i­mar Gar­dens in La­hore, the his­toric mon­u­ments of the an­cient city of Thatta, and the an­cient fort of Ro­htas.

Pak­istan is sub­di­vided into four prov­inces, one fed­eral cap­i­tal ter­ri­tory, and a group of fed­er­ally ad­min­is­tered tribal ar­eas. Among other high­lights, the Is­lam­abad Cap­i­tal Ter­ri­tory is home to the Pak­istani cap­i­tal, Is­lam­abad, while Balochis­tan is the largest province by ge­o­graph­i­cal area, con­sti­tut­ing ap­prox­i­mately 43 per­cent of the to­tal area of Pak­istan.

Also, the Khy­ber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) province is lo­cated in the north­west re­gion of Pak­istan. It is known as the tourist hotspot for ad­ven­tur­ers and ex­plor­ers, thanks to its var­ied land­scape rang­ing from rugged moun­tains, val­leys, hills and dense agri­cul­tural farms. One of the most im­por­tant cities in the province is Mansehra. The city is a ma­jor stop for tourists set­ting out to the North­ern Ar­eas and Azad Kash­mir. The city is con­nected by the fa­mous Karako­ram High­way which ends up in main­land China. There are also sev­eral moun­tain passes that run through the province. One of the most fa­mous is the Khy­ber Pass which links Afghanistan with Pak­istan. The trade route sees a large num­ber of trucks and lor­ries im­port­ing and ex­port­ing goods in and out of the re­gion.

Fur­ther­more, Punjab is the sec­ond­largest province in Pak­istan. It is known for its an­cient cul­tural her­itage as well as its re­li­gious di­ver­sity. The lands of Punjab have been home to a num­ber of re­li­gions and civ­i­liza­tions. Tourism in Punjab is reg­u­lated by the Tourism De­vel­op­ment Cor­po­ra­tion of Punjab. The pro­vin­cial cap­i­tal, La­hore is the sec­ond largest city of Pak­istan and is known to be the cul­tural heart of the coun­try.

The Khy­ber train sa­fari was a tourist train that ran be­tween Peshawar and Landi Ko­tal through the Khy­ber Pass in Khy­ber Agency, Pak­istan. The rail­way was closed in 2006 due to the wash­ing away of rail­way track and bridges by a flood.

Quaid-i-Azam Mo­ham­mad Ali Jin­nah, re­mem­bered as the founder of the Pak­istani na­tion, worked him­self to death, con­tribut­ing more than any other man to Pak­istan’s sur­vival.

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