MAC refutes Lee Teng-hui’s claim about ‘1992 Consensus’
The Mainland Affairs Council (MAC, ) denied a controversial claim made by former President Lee Teng-hui ( ) that the “1992 Consensus” was bogus, saying that the council has official documents detailing how the consensus came about.
The “1992 Consensus” refers to a tacit agreement reached by the Republic of China and the mainland authorities during talks in Hong Kong in 1992, that there is only one China and each side is free to offer its own interpretation as to what that means in practice.
During a meeting between Taiwan’s Straits Exchange Foundation (SEF, ) and China’s Association for Relations Across the Taiwan Straits (ARATS, ) in October in 1992 in Hong Kong, Beijing demanded a clarification of how both sides would formulate “the one China principle,” the MAC said.
At that time, the two sides were unable to reach an agreement. But one month later, the ARATS agreed to a SEF proposal that both sides could have their own oral interpretation of one China.
This is the origin of separate interpretations of the meaning of “one China,” which has been known as the “1992 Consensus,” the MAC said.
In Taiwan, “one China” refers to the Republic of China and this is endorsed by the broad majority of the Taiwanese people, the MAC added.
SEF and ARATS are two intermediate institutes established by Taiwan and the mainland in 1990 to handle cross-strait affairs in the absence of formal ties.
According to the MAC, when Lee served as Taiwan’s president from 1988 to 2000, he presided over a meeting of the National Unification Council on Aug. 1, 1992, when a formal resolution on Taiwan’s interpretation of “one China” was approved.
The resolution says that both sides of the Taiwan Strait insist on the principle of “one China” but they should have different interpretations.
All the documents detailing how the “1992 Consensus” was formed have been maintained, the MAC said. “The historic truth written on paper with black ink is undeniable.”
In a recent interview with Japanese magazine Voice, Lee criticized the ruling Kuomintang’s (KMT’s) “pro-China” approach, which he said was based on the “1992 Consensus,” a product of forgery.
Lee claimed no such tacit agreement was reached in the 1992 Hong Kong talks, and that no one told him during his presidency that the two sides had reached the consensus.
The term was created by former MAC chief, Su Chi ( ), to meet the KMT’s political needs, said the 92-year-old, an outspoken politician who supports Taiwan’s independence.
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