Turk­ish sci­en­tists to make Antarc­tic re­turn in early 2018

Daily Sabah (Turkey) - - Lifestyle -

FOL­LOW­ING last year’s ex­pe­di­tion, Turk­ish sci­en­tists are re­turn­ing to Antarc­tica for fur­ther study.

In a writ­ten state­ment, Min­is­ter of Sci­ence, In­dus­try, and Tech­nol­ogy Faruk Özlü in­formed that Turk­ish sci­en­tists will lead an­other sci­en­tific ex­pe­di­tion in Fe­bru­ary and March 2018.

“In this ex­pe­di­tion, we plan to com­plete the pre-fea­si­bil­ity study of the Turk­ish Sci­ence Base in Antarc­tica. Ad­di­tion­ally, sci­en­tists will con­tinue their study in the camp site that was pre­vi­ously as­signed for Turkey.”

To con­tinue the po­lar ex­pe­di­tion and stud­ies steadily, the min­istry has pre­pared a “Na­tional Po­lar Sci­ence Pro­gram and Strat­egy.” In or­der to pro­vide the nec­es­sary part­ner­ships, the min­istry will con­tinue to en­gage uni­ver­si­ties and com­pa­nies to con­tinue with the ex­pe­di­tions to come.

In April last year, in a his­toric first, a team of 14 Turk­ish re­searchers, in­clud­ing med­i­cal doc­tors, botanists, sur­vey and ge­o­log­i­cal en­gi­neers, and oceanog­ra­phers from seven Turk­ish uni­ver­si­ties, went to Antarc­tica on a sci­en­tific mis­sion to study the im­pact of cli­mate change.

Last year, the Turk­ish sci­en­tists in Antarc­tica cov­ered 4,000 kilo­me­ters (2,485 miles) and com­pleted a to­tal of 17 to­po­graphic land sur­veys and made observations in 38 dif­fer­ent spots. The sci­en­tists also col­lected sam­ples from 45 dif­fer­ent parts of the land and stud­ied a to­tal of area of 2,000,000 square me­ters.

Antarc­tica serves as a sci­en­tific pre­serve since the Antarc­tica Treaty was signed in Wash­ing­ton in 1959, of which Turkey is a party.

The con­ti­nent is con­sid­ered the cold­est on earth. The low­est tem­per­a­ture there was recorded in 1983 at mi­nus 89 de­grees Cel­sius (mi­nus 128 Fahren­heit). In the sum­mer, tem­per­a­tures rise to mi­nus 15 de­grees Cel­sius or mi­nus 5 de­grees Cel­sius.

Turkey’s first po­lar re­search cen­ter PolRec was es­tab­lished in 2015.

The mis­sion of the cen­ter is to carry out re­search on the Antarc­tic and de­velop Turkey’s vis­i­bil­ity in the in­ter­na­tional sci­en­tific com­mu­nity.

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