human development value has increased significantly in 25 years. It was noted in the report that a slowdown was experienced in the pace of development in 2010 as human development in the world showed a significant increase between 1990 and 2015. Estimated life expectancy at birth in Turkey was 11.2 years, the mean time to go to school was 3.4, and the expected duration to school was 5.7 years, between 1990 and 2015. The per capita Gross National Product (GNP) in Turkey increased by 78.2 percent between 1990 and
2015. The inequality-free index of human development has fallen to 0.645 with a loss of 15.9 percent, depending on the inequality in the distribution of Turkey’s value indexes. The average loss of countries with high human development index was 20 percent due to inequality, while this rate was 12.7 percent in Europe and Central Asia.
Turkey ranks 69th in gender inequality index
The United Nations Development Program’s (UNDP) report also placed Turkey 69th out of 159 countries on its Gender Inequality Index, with an HDI value of 0.328 in 2015. The index looks at factors such as reproductive health, women’s empowerment and gender-based economic inequality.