What now?

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To un­der­stand the cur­rent sit­u­a­tion in the Mid­dle East one needs to dig deeper than the events of 2011; the short bloom­ing Arab Spring grew from com­plex strata. This is­sue of Turk­ish Re­view looks back to the history of the na­tion-state in the Mid­dle East, as well as for­ward to its fu­ture, with a se­ries of opin­ion pieces from an­a­lysts and aca­demics.

Asst. Prof. Louis Fish­man (Brook­lyn Col­lege, CUNY) ex­am­ines the ori­gins of to­day’s strife in the cre­ation, ex­ploita­tion and politi­ciza­tion of di­vi­sions dur­ing the re­gion’s colo­nial pe­riod. Mean­while, Riad Al-Khouri, se­nior economist at DEA Inc., ex­plores the “un­fin­ished geostrate­gic busi­ness” in the for­mer Ot­toman ter­ri­to­ries and their im­pli­ca­tion in state for­ma­tion and de­struc­tion in the re­gion -- and what this means for Tur­key to­day.

Stay­ing in more re­cent times, Dr. Rola El-Hus­seini of the Mid­dle East and Mid­dle Eastern Amer­i­can Cen­ter (MEMEAC) com­pares mil­i­taryIs­lamist re­la­tions in Al­ge­ria, Tur­key and Egypt, look­ing at the tense modus vivendi be­tween the two and the con­se­quences when one seizes the up­per hand.

Cul­tural me­di­a­tor Ah­mad al-Rou­san and As­soc. Prof. Na­bil Al-Tikriti (Univer­sity of Mary Washington) ex­am­ine the im­pact of the Syr­ian and Iraqi con­flicts on Europe’s refugee cri­sis -- and the role to be played by Tur­key. Stay­ing on Tur­key’s role in the Mid­dle East, In­ter­na­tional Cri­sis Group Di­rec­tor of Com­mu­ni­ca­tions and Out­reach Hugh Pope’s talk at the March Talk­ing TR event in İs­tan­bul, “Tur­key’s MENA Man­ners” is also in­cluded in this is­sue.

Mov­ing to De­part­ments: Two Views fea­tures dis­cus­sions on de­vel­op­ments in the re­gion with ex­perts An­drew Ham­mond of the Euro­pean Coun­cil on For­eign Re­la­tions (ECFR) and Dr. El-Hus­seini of MEMEAC. Mean­while the Last Word is with Prof. Ehud R. Toledano of Tel Aviv Univer­sity, who speaks to Turk­ish Re­view about na­tion-states in the mod­ern Mid­dle East. In ad­di­tion, Think Tank Tracker re­views re­ports on Iraq and asks whether a roadmap for the trou­bled state’s fu­ture ex­ists.

Last, but not least, the photo pull­out this is­sue is ded­i­cated to com­mem­o­ra­tion events of two cen­ten­ni­als in April 2015: the cer­e­monies to mark 100 years since the Bat­tle of Gal­lipoli, on Tur­key’s Aegean coast, and those that took place across the coun­try (most promi­nently in İs­tan­bul) on the 100th an­niver­sary of the Meds Yegh­ern.

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