45.8 MIL­LION

Char­ity says re­forms are work­ing

7 Days in Dubai - - GLOBAL NEWS -

A char­ity aimed at res­cu­ing chil­dren from forced labour has said that while In­dia tops a re­cent global slav­ery in­dex, the sit­u­a­tion is im­prov­ing in the South Asian na­tion.

The Walk Free Foun­da­tion counted 18.35 mil­lion mod­ern slaves in In­dia in its in­dex re­leased on Tues­day. That in­cludes chil­dren and adults forced into labour, of­ten un­paid or to pay off a debt.

The in­dex showed China with the sec­ond high­est num­ber, 3.39 mil­lion, and Pak­istan next with 2.13 mil­lion. North Korea was found to have the high­est per capita rate of mod­ern slav­ery, with 4.37 per cent of its pop­u­la­tion af­fected.

Ramesh Senge, from No­bel lau­re­ate Kailash Satyarthi's char­ity Save the Chil­dren Move­ment, said that while slav­ery in In­dia is a prob­lem, the sit­u­a­tion is im­prov­ing with more aware­ness, le­gal re­forms and res­cue cam­paigns. Senger cited In­dia’s gar­ment in­dus­try hub in the In­dian cap­i­tal as an ex­am­ple of how po­lice-backed raids could end child labour.

“We res­cued nearly 400 chil­dren in the area be­tween 2012-2014,” he said. “The gar­ments in­dus­try in the area no longer em­ploys child labour.”

The re­port ranked 167 coun­tries by the num­ber of peo­ple af­fected by prac­tices in­cluded forced labour, debt bondage, forced mar­riage and sex­ual ex­ploita­tion. The to­tal of 45.8 mil­lion is 10 mil­lion more than the group es­ti­mated in its last re­port in 2014. the num­ber of peo­ple af­fected glob­ally by mod­ern slav­ery

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