What is T1DM
Type 1 diabetes is a condition where the patient’s pancreas no longer produces the insulin required to survive. Once known as juvenile diabetes or insulin–dependent diabetes, T1DM in children can be overwhelming at first. Almost overnight, the parent and the child must learn to give injections, count carbohydrates and monitor blood–sugar levels. Although it requires consistent care, advances in blood–sugar monitoring and insulin delivery have improved the daily management of type 1 diabetes in children. Without insulin in the body two things happen. First, the patient has no energy and the body starts burning fat as an alternative fuel – thus causing the patient to lose weight. The second consequence of diabetes is that glucose continues to enter the bloodstream but does not get absorbed by the muscles, brain cells, or organs because the pancreas is not producing enough insulin to help the cells absorb glucose. This extremely glucose–rich blood begins to act as a poison in the system, destroying vulnerable organs throughout the body, especially the cells that make up the structure of kidneys, eyes, arteries, nerves and blood vessels particularly in the lower limbs.