Cross­words and puzzles

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ACROSS

1 English au­thor whose nov­els in­clude Lucky Jim, Take a Girl Like You, The Old Devils and The Folks That Live on the Hill (4) 3 Mi­cro­bi­ol­o­gist who dis­cov­ered the life-sav­ing an­tibi­otic that he named peni­cillin when he ob­served the an­tibac­te­rial be­hav­iour of mould ac­ci­den­tally grown in a Petri dish (7) 7 Town in west­Wales from which one of the two breeds of corgi orig­i­nated; site of a cas­tle in which Henry VII was born (8) 14 Scot­tish por­trait artist whose no­table works in­clude a de­pic­tion of SirWal­ter Scott and the oil paint­ing The Rev­erend RobertWalker Skat­ing on Dud­dingston Loch (7) 15 Fenc­ing term warn­ing an op­po­nent to as­sume a de­fen­sive po­si­tion (2,5) 16 Con­stel­la­tion bor­der­ing Pisces and Taurus, said to rep­re­sent the ram whose golden fleece was sought by Ja­son and the Arg­onauts (5) 17 Sit­u­ated on the edge of the Sa­hara, the cap­i­tal of Niger (6) 18 A brood of chicks; a sit­ting of eggs in a sin­gle nest; a bag de­signed to be held or tucked un­der the arm; or one of the foot ped­als in a man­ual car (6) 19 Fi­nal stage of chess when only a few pieces re­main on the board (7) 21 Anatom­i­cally termed the mes­en­cephalon, sec­tion of the ner­vous sys­tem cru­cial for hear­ing and sight and reg­u­lat­ing mo­tor con­trol (8) 23 Wooden type of dwelling in the Swiss Alps tra­di­tion­ally resided in by cat­tle herders dur­ing the sum­mer, to­day used as lodg­ings for skiers (6) 24 Length of a horse’s head and con­nect­ing parts, used as a mea­sure of its lead in a race (4) 28 Fi­brous strip along ei­ther side of a run­ner bean, gen­er­ally re­moved be­fore cook­ing (6) 30 With around 1.2 mil­lion in­hab­i­tants, the world’s sec­ond-most pop­u­lous coun­try (5) 32 English poet who wrote The Old Hunts­man and Counter-At­tack while serv­ing on theWestern Front (7) 34 Coun­try sim­i­lar in size to Great

Bri­tain but with a pop­u­la­tion of around 4.4 mil­lion (3,7)

35 Painter in Pre-Raphaelite style whose works in­clude Sleep and his Half-brother Death, The Lady of Shalott

and The Soul of the Rose (10)

38 Va­ri­ety of brown bread made with malted wheat flakes (7)

40 Ad­min­is­tra­tive re­gion of Italy in which Rome is sit­u­ated (5)

41 The ______ of Na­tions; trun­cated name of a mag­num opus on clas­si­cal eco­nom­ics by Adam Smith, first pub­lished in 1776 (6)

43 Pen name of a nov­el­ist from Do­minica whose books in­clude Voy­age in the Dark, Good Morn­ing,

Mid­night and Wide Sar­gasso Sea (4) 44 A boned and scaled side of fish (6) 46 Co­me­dian best known for his dou­ble act with Vic Reeves in tele­vi­sion se­ries in­clud­ing Shoot­ing Stars and

Ran­dall & Hop­kirk (De­ceased) (8) 50 Red _______; fa­mil­iar gar­den but­ter­fly com­monly spot­ted tak­ing nec­tar from bud­dleia in the sum­mer (7) 52 Founded in 1993, the UK’s sec­ond­largest or­gan­i­sa­tion serv­ing to pro­tect the rights of work­ers (6) 53 Ar­chi­tec­tural slab on the cap­i­tal of a col­umn serv­ing to sup­port the ar­chi­trave (6) 56 _____ toast; ex­pres­sion of good­will to the head of state of the coun­try at which a for­mal din­ner is be­ing given (5) 57 English nov­el­ist who wrote the clas­sics A Room with a View, Howards

End and A Pas­sage to In­dia (7) 58 Type of In­dian flat­bread (7) 59 French au­thor who wrote the Tales of Mother Goose, Lit­tle Red Rid­ing Hood,

Cin­derella, Puss in Boots and The Sleep­ing Beauty (8) 60 Site ex­ca­vated by Sir Arthur Evans (7) 61 Ba­sic mone­tary unit of Le­sotho equal to 100 lisente (4)

DOWN

1 Sci­ence con­cerned with crop pro­duc­tion and soil man­age­ment (8) 2 Coun­try with the cap­i­tal Reyk­javík (7) 4 Screen­writer whose sit­coms in­clude

But­ter­flies, Bread and Luv (4) 5 Gra­nola-like break­fast mix­ture (6) 6 Com­mon name of a fam­ily of plants that in­cludes pota­toes, toma­toes, aubergines and cap­sicum pep­pers (10) 8 One of the Seven Sum­mits (7) 9 Com­edy se­ries star­ring Ti­mothy Spall and Jen­nifer Saun­ders based on sto­ries by PGWode­house (9) 10 Pen name of the nov­el­ist who wrote

A Dog of Flan­ders (5) 11 ______ Is­land; coun­try, site of a se­ries of mono­lithic stat­ues of hu­man heads (6)

12 The ____; UK tele­vi­sion game show pre­sented by Phillip Schofield (4) 13 Dye used as a source of litmus (6) 20 Nov­el­ist who wrote the chil­dren’s clas­sic The­Wa­ter-Ba­bies (8) 22 Euro­pean river flow­ing through six coun­tries to the North Sea (5) 25 Game played in Alice’s Adventures in

Won­der­land with a flamingo’s head in­stead of a mal­let (7) 26 Pre­tender and rebel trained by the York­ists to im­per­son­ate the Earl of War­wick in an at­tempt to over­throw Henry VII (6) 27 World’s long­est moun­tain range (5) 29 A trail be­side a canal (7) 31 World’s largest online re­tailer (6)

32 Robin of ________; 1980s se­ries cre­ated by Richard Car­pen­ter (8) 33 Sec­ond-largest Euro­pean lake (5) 36 Sec­tion of an ar­ti­choke that may be mar­i­nated in oil and served as part of a tra­di­tional an­tipasto plate (5) 37 Coun­try with the cap­i­tal Tashkent (10) 39 2008 film star­ring Ni­cole Kid­man (9) 42 Bite-sized toast with a top­ping (8) 44 Fried ball of chick­peas, gar­lic, tahini and cumin, served with pitta (7) 45 The ______; site of the Mona Lisa (6) 47 Toy in­vented by Frank Hornby (7) 48 Horse’s gait, faster than can­ter (6) 49 De­signer of Strawberry Thief (6) 51 Film pro­ducer who formed a com­pany with Sa­muel Gold­wyn (5) 54 The ____ Race; an­nual con­test be­tween the uni­ver­si­ties of Ox­ford and Cam­bridge (4) 55 Re­flec­tion of a sound wave (4)

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