THE MOST COM­MON ER­GONOMIC IN­JURIES

Friday - - Health -

BACK IN­JURIES are caused by a range of sim­ple move­ments like bend­ing, twist­ing or pulling im­prop­erly, says Dr Abra­ham. Ex­plain­ing fur­ther, he adds, ‘the na­ture of our work de­cides the kind of back in­juries we may suf­fer.’ Sit­ting or stand­ing for long pe­ri­ods, main­tain­ing a poor pos­ture, such as while work­ing on the com­puter, can cause lower back pain. HEADACHES AND MI­GRAINES can hap­pen for var­i­ous rea­sons. Poor pos­ture is one fac­tor that can cause se­vere headaches. ‘Also, sit­ting in an of­fice with bright or dim light­ing or im­proper lap­top screen bright­ness can lead to eye fa­tigue, itch­ing or a burn­ing sen­sa­tion in the eyes and put ex­cess stress on vi­sion – caus­ing mi­graines and headaches,’ adds. STIFF NECK is caused when the neck is kept rigid for too long in the same po­si­tion. ‘Slouch­ing, or star­ing at a com­puter screen for pro­longed pe­ri­ods of time, for in­stance, are some of the most com­mon rea­sons for stiff neck,’ ex­plains Dr Abra­ham. GANGLION CYSTS com­monly found on the wrist, fin­gers and the back of the hand, are caused due to pinch­ing of the nerve. ‘These cysts gen­er­ally come and go and can be re­moved sur­gi­cally. Some­times these cysts are ex­tremely painful,’ he ex­plains. CARPEL TUN­NEL SYN­DROME is caused due to repet­i­tive pres­sure on the me­dian nerve that runs from the shoul­der to the arms and hands. The nerve gets pinched and causes a sharp tin­gling pain in the fin­gers caus­ing the hand to be­come numb and weak. ‘This con­di­tion is quite se­ri­ous and can af­fect the mo­bil­ity of an in­di­vid­ual by caus­ing par­tial paral­y­sis,’ he adds. RO­TA­TOR CUFF IN­JURY is caused due to ex­ces­sive and re­peated mo­tion in the arms and hands with very lit­tle shoul­der move­ment. ‘This leads to cer­tain tight­ness, fa­tigue and sub­stan­tial stress in the shoul­der mus­cles,’ ex­plains Dr Abra­ham.

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