THE MOST COMMON ERGONOMIC INJURIES
BACK INJURIES are caused by a range of simple movements like bending, twisting or pulling improperly, says Dr Abraham. Explaining further, he adds, ‘the nature of our work decides the kind of back injuries we may suffer.’ Sitting or standing for long periods, maintaining a poor posture, such as while working on the computer, can cause lower back pain. HEADACHES AND MIGRAINES can happen for various reasons. Poor posture is one factor that can cause severe headaches. ‘Also, sitting in an office with bright or dim lighting or improper laptop screen brightness can lead to eye fatigue, itching or a burning sensation in the eyes and put excess stress on vision – causing migraines and headaches,’ adds. STIFF NECK is caused when the neck is kept rigid for too long in the same position. ‘Slouching, or staring at a computer screen for prolonged periods of time, for instance, are some of the most common reasons for stiff neck,’ explains Dr Abraham. GANGLION CYSTS commonly found on the wrist, fingers and the back of the hand, are caused due to pinching of the nerve. ‘These cysts generally come and go and can be removed surgically. Sometimes these cysts are extremely painful,’ he explains. CARPEL TUNNEL SYNDROME is caused due to repetitive pressure on the median nerve that runs from the shoulder to the arms and hands. The nerve gets pinched and causes a sharp tingling pain in the fingers causing the hand to become numb and weak. ‘This condition is quite serious and can affect the mobility of an individual by causing partial paralysis,’ he adds. ROTATOR CUFF INJURY is caused due to excessive and repeated motion in the arms and hands with very little shoulder movement. ‘This leads to certain tightness, fatigue and substantial stress in the shoulder muscles,’ explains Dr Abraham.