China aims to stop renewable energy being wasted by 2020
National Energy Administration has said utilisation rate of hydropower plants in the southwestern provinces should reach around 90%
BEIJING: China aims to prevent power generated by its renewable energy sector being wasted by 2020, the country’s National Energy Administration (NEA) said.
Power from wind, solar and hydro plants is often wasted as there is not enough transmission capacity to absorb it, leading to high curtailment rates, especially in northwestern China.
The NEA said in a statement that the utilisation rate of hydro-power plants in the southwestern provinces of Yunnan and Sichuan should reach around 90 per cent by 2017.
It expects the wind power curtailment rate to drop to about 30 per cent in the northwestern provinces of Gansu and Xinjiang and to around 20 per cent in the northeastern region of Jilin, Heilongjiang and Inner Mongolia in 2017.
Solar power waste in Gansu and Xinjiang provinces should be controlled below around 20 per cent and in Shaanxi and Qinghai to below 10 per cent this year, it added.
Power generated from wind and solar power plants in other regions across the country will have to meet the 2017 targets set by the NEA last year, it said in the statement.
China has vowed to raise the portion of its renewable and nonfossil fuel power consumption to 15 per cent of total energy mix by 2020 and 20 per cent by 2030. It also said that it will promote the power trade market and improve its cross-region power transmission capacity to boost renewable energy consumption and cut its coal dependence.
Coal-fired power capacity across the country will be capped at 1,100 gigawatts by 2020, the NEA said.
The world’s worst polluter is leading the clean energy revolution, according to the International Energy Agency.
China will account for a third of new wind and solar power installations and 40 per cent of electric vehicle investments through 2040, the Paris-based agency said Tuesday in its World Energy Outlook. Meanwhile, the country’s coal use peaked four years ago and it will cede its role as the driver of global oil demand to India after 2025.
Underscoring the shift is a maturing economy that is moving away from energy-intensive industry and government policies aimed at cleaning up air pollution that causes almost 2 million premature deaths a year, the agency said in the report. Falling costs of renewables also play a role, as solar is expected to become China’s cheapest source of new electricity additions, surpassing natural gas by 2020 and coal by 2030.
“China is entering a new phase in its development, with the emphasis in energy policy now firmly on electricity, natural gas and cleaner, highefficiency and digital technologies,” the report said. “China’s choices will play a huge role in determining global trends, and could spark a faster clean energy transition.”