MIND­FUL­NESS CAN AID IN TREAT­ING CHRONIC PAIN

The Gulf Today - Panorama - - HAVE YOU HEARD? -

de­vel­oped re­la­tion­ships with their peers and felt more com­fort­able with their so­cial skills. But the study showed that kids didn’t shed their lone­li­ness at the same rate. Daugh­ters did bet­ter when they had closer re­la­tion­ships with their fa­thers. Lat­est re­search has shown that peo­ple with higher dis­po­si­tional mind­ful­ness dur­ing painful ex­pe­ri­ence showed greater de­ac­ti­va­tion in a brain re­gion called the pos­te­rior cin­gu­late cor­tex — a cen­tral neu­ral node of the de­fault mode net­work. They also ex­pe­ri­enced less pain. Con­versely, those with lower mind­ful­ness rat­ings had greater ac­ti­va­tion of this part of the brain and also felt more pain. “Mind­ful­ness is re­lated to be­ing aware of the present mo­ment with­out too much emo­tional re­ac­tion or judg­ment,” said lead au­thor Fadel Zei­dan, as­sis­tant pro­fes­sor at the Wake For­est Bap­tist Med­i­cal Cen­tre in North Carolina, US. “We now know that some peo­ple are more mind­ful than oth­ers, and those peo­ple seem­ingly feel less pain,” Zei­dan added. For the study, the team an­a­lysed nearly 100 healthy vol­un­teers to de­ter­mine if dis­po­si­tional mind­ful­ness, an in­di­vid­ual’s in­nate or nat­u­ral level of mind­ful­ness, was as­so­ci­ated with lower pain sen­si­tiv­ity and to iden­tify what brain mech­a­nisms were in­volved. Then, while un­der­go­ing func­tional mag­netic res­o­nance imag­ing, they were ad­min­is­tered painful heat stim­u­la­tion

(120°F).

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