Boa Vista, Brazil
“Social emergency” declared: Brazil has declared a state of “social emergency” in its northern state of Roraima in response to a massive influx of Venezuelans, driven across the border by the economic and political turmoil in their home country. Around 70,000 Venezuelans have arrived in recent months, 40,000 of whom have settled in the state capital, Boa Vista. Many are now surviving by begging on the street, aggravating tensions with the populace: refugees have been attacked and one shelter was set alight. Earlier this month, Venezuela’s neighbour, Colombia – which received 96,000 Venezuelan migrants in November alone – tightened its border controls and sent 2,000 troops to the border. The Brazilian authorities have acknowledged a “new sense of urgency”, but have said they are tightening border controls.