SMITH & Wes­son Model 1

All About History - - THROUGH HISTORY -

1857

Per­cus­sion firearms used a weather-re­sis­tant lock and ig­ni­tion sys­tem, do­ing away with the need for a flint and frizzen in favour of a cap con­tain­ing highly ex­plo­sive mer­curic ful­mi­nate. The cap would be struck by the ham­mer and ig­nite the gun­pow­der in the bar­rel. But the sys­tem was soon fazed out thanks to de­vel­op­ments such as Smith & Wes­son’s first re­volver, the Seven Shooter. Later named the Model 1, this pis­tol used rim­fire metal­lic car­tridges, so-called since the fir­ing pin would strike the rim. It could hold seven .22 short­fire rounds and sol­diers on both sides of the Amer­i­can Civil War clam­oured to use it.

Rim­fire car­tridges replaced the need to use loose pow­der, mus­ket balls and per­cus­sion caps

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