01 Re­treat to Ezo

All About History - - BATTLE OF HAKODATE -

While other shogu­nate forces sur­ren­der, Enomoto Takeaki re­fuses to turn his fleet over to im­pe­rial au­thor­i­ties. In­stead, he sails to the is­land of Ezo, ar­riv­ing in late Oc­to­ber 1868.

02 March to Hako­date

Shogu­nate troops march to­wards Hako­date un­der the com­mand of Hi­jikata Toshizō and Ōtori Keisuke, cap­tur­ing the town’s pri­mary for­ti­fi­ca­tion, the star-shaped, western-style Go­ryōkaku fortress, which was per­haps un­de­fended, at the end of Oc­to­ber 1868. Go­ryōkaku be­comes the strong­hold of the shogu­nate forces in the de­fence of the short-lived Repub­lic of Ezo.

03 Mat­sumae Do­main sub­dued

The shogu­nate of­fen­sive to take con­trol of all of south­ern Ezo, the is­land known to­day as Hokkaido, begins with a march on Mat­sumae Cas­tle at the south­ern tip of the is­land, where the lead­ers of the Mat­sumae Do­main have re­port­edly de­clared their al­le­giance to the im­pe­rial court. Hi­jikata, one of the most ex­pe­ri­enced field com­man­ders in the shogu­nate rebel army, leads his troops to cap­ture Mat­sumae Cas­tle in Novem­ber 1868.

04 Pin­cer at­tack on Esashi

Hi­jikata and Mat­su­daira Sadaaki, at the head of forces from the Kuwana Do­main, lead strong col­umns in con­verg­ing marches against the vil­lage of Esashi, a bustling cen­tre of fish­eries and com­merce on the south­west coast of Ezo. They as­sault the town but lose the valu­able rebel war­ship Kaiyō Maryu in the process.

05 Repub­lic of Ezo

Their po­si­tions on the north­ern is­land tem­po­rar­ily se­cure, Vis­count Enomoto and other lead­ers of the shogu­nate forces pro­claim the Repub­lic of Ezo in Jan­uary 1869. Enomoto, who has in­spired the rebels to con­tinue fight­ing, is elected pres­i­dent and the repub­lic is es­tab­lished on a demo­cratic ba­sis, re­sem­bling that of the United States. Bri­tain and France of­fer con­di­tional recog­ni­tion to the new state; how­ever, the im­pe­rial gov­ern­ment is de­ter­mined to main­tain Ja­panese unity.

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from UK

© PressReader. All rights reserved.