Caring for pansies
Provide moist but well-drained soil. Add organic matter to light and heavy soils. In wet areas, plant into slightly raised beds or use containers.
Grow in full sun or partial shade. Sun encourages compact growth but where soil is dry and baked a little shade will help with moisture retention.
Pansies are not long-lasting, so replace frequently using different sites or fresh compost. Raise from seed sown in spring for summer flowers, or summer for autumn-tospring blooms.
Fill, press lightly and water finely to sow onto a smooth, moist compost surface. Cover very lightly with compost and place in a cool spot to germinate. After germination, transplant singly to 3in (8cm) pots and from there, plant out.
Avoid placing in beds exposed to continuous wet, windy weather. This seems to encourage pansy leaf-spot and pansy sickness – fungal diseases that can persist in the soil. Only buy healthy plants.