Crafts­man­ship in En­gi­neer­ing

A short history of Aero

Aviation Classics - - CONTENTS -

For the last 96 years in the Czech Re­pub­lic, Aero has been pro­duc­ing some re­mark­able and best-selling air­craft. It is one of the old­est avi­a­tion com­pa­nies in Europe with a con­tin­u­ous her­itage un­der the same name, and this in­tro­duc­tory ar­ti­cle fol­lows the history of its de­sign de­vel­op­ment from the Ae.01 to the L-60 and in­cludes its li­cence pro­duc­tion of MIG fight­ers and other types.

The history of the Czech state is a long and fas­ci­nat­ing one, be­gin­ning as it did with the for­ma­tion of the Duchy of Bo­hemia in the lat­ter half of the 9th cen­tury. The coun­try had be­come one of the most suc­cess­ful in­dus­trial cen­tres in Europe dur­ing the 19th cen­tury, with a rep­u­ta­tion for en­gi­neer­ing ex­cel­lence that con­tin­ues to this day. In Oc­to­ber 1917, dur­ing the First World War, Dr Ul­rich Mar­cius and two Vi­en­nese part­ners, one of whom was the di­rec­tor of the Oester­re­ichis­che Al­ba­tros Werke, the Aus­trian sub­sidiary of the Al­ba­tros com­pany based at Jo­han­nisthal, Ber­lin, had de­cided to set up an air­craft fac­tory and re­pair work­shop in Prague to take ad­van­tage of the en­gi­neer­ing ex­per­tise in the coun­try. This be­came known as Al-ma, Czech Air­craft Fac­to­ries Ltd, the name be­ing a

Pavel Kucˇera

ABOVE: The Al-ma fac­tory in Holešovice, the first avi­a­tion works in Cze­choslo­vakia, later taken over by Aero as they ex­panded. A row of Bran­den­burg C.I and Bréguet Br XIV fuse­lages can be seen out­side.

Pavel Kucˇera

ABOVE: The first type pro­duced by Aero, the Ae-10 later re­des­ig­nated the Ae-01, seen here out­side the hangars at Kbely air­field.

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